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Oxidative stress is considered an important pathophysiological mechanism contributing to promote cell death in a broad variety of diseases including cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders. The so-called scavestrogens J811 and J861, structurally derived from 17alpha-estradiol, are potent radical scavengers and inhibitors of iron-induced cell damage(More)
Aging, a process occuring in all vertebrates, is closely related to a loss in physical and functional abilities. There is widespread interest in clarifying the relevance of environmental, metabolic, and genetic factors for vertebrate aging. In the Pacific salmon a dramatic example of aging is known. Looking for changes in the salmon brain, perhaps even in(More)
BACKGROUND It is still difficult to define the biochemical mechanisms that cause alterations in neuronal function and plasticity and neuronal cell loss in the brains of alcohol-dependent patients. METHODS To evaluate the extent of cerebral alcohol-induced oxidative stress ex vivo, we investigated the levels of glutathione (GSH), its oxidation product(More)
We examined amounts of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and its phosphorylated form in post-mortem frontal and temporal cortices and cerebella from alcoholics and controls by immunoblotting. No significant differences were observed in the levels of these proteins in each brain region, suggesting that the assumed neuroadaptations to chronic(More)
We examined the amounts of several adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms and of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) in alcoholic and control brains. Immunoreactivity of type I AC was significantly increased in alcoholic nucleus accumbens and corpus amygdaloideum. Immunoreactivity of type VIII AC was also increased in alcoholic corpus amygdaloideum and(More)
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