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Allergic inflammation involves the mobilization and trafficking of eosinophils to sites of inflammation. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) has been shown to play a critical role in eosinophil recruitment and airway allergic inflammation in vivo. The role played by Gal-3 in human eosinophil trafficking was investigated. Eosinophils from allergic donors expressed elevated(More)
— In this paper, we investigate throughput optimization in High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA). Specifically , we propose offline and online algorithms for adjusting the Channel Quality Indicator (CQI) used by the network to schedule data transmission. In the offline algorithm, a given target BLER is achieved by adjusting CQI based on ACK/NAK history.(More)
Association of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) with the pathogenesis of allergic asthma is well recognized and its role as a chemoattractant for eosinophils (Eos) in vitro and in vivo has been previously demonstrated. Here we have examined the regulation of 5-HT-induced human and murine Eos trafficking and migration at a cellular and molecular level.(More)
The expressed human Ig repertoire is not an equal representation of all V(H) segments present in genomic DNA. Studies have shown that a restricted set of V(H) gene segments are over-represented in Ab repertoires of fetal/neonatal and adult B cells. Additionally, this restricted set of V(H) genes is frequently expressed by autoimmune and tumor B cells. To(More)
The cascade of leukocyte interactions under conditions of blood flow is well established in the systemic microcirculation, but not in lung microcirculation. We have developed a murine model to study lung microcirculation by transplanting lung tissue into dorsal skin-fold window chambers in nude mice and examining the ability of leukocytes to traffic within(More)
Mycobacterium avium is an intracellular organism which multiplies predominantly within human macrophages. This organism has previously been shown to induce apoptosis in human macrophages. With a view to identifying M. avium components that induce cell death in infected host cells, sonicated extracts of M. avium as well as individual components isolated from(More)
The trafficking of leukocytes from the blood to sites of inflammation is the cumulative result of receptor-ligand-mediated signaling events associated with the leukocytes themselves as well as with the underlying vascular endothelium. Our data show that Galpha(i) signaling pathways in the vascular endothelium regulate a critical step required for leukocyte(More)
Elevated levels of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) are observed in the serum of asthmatics. Herein, we demonstrate that 5-HT functions independently as an eosinophil chemoattractant that acts additively with eotaxin. 5-HT2A receptor antagonists (including MDL-100907 and cyproheptadine (CYP)) were found to inhibit 5-HT-induced, but not eotaxin-induced(More)
Clinical strains of Mycobacterium avium isolated from patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, but not a non-clinical laboratory strain (ATCC 25291), were found to stimulate the human alveolar epithelial cell line A549, to produce monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1. A549 cells were also found to produce elevated levels of MCP-1 in response to(More)
Allergic inflammation is associated with increased generation and trafficking of inflammatory cells, especially eosinophils, to sites of inflammation. The effect of acute versus chronic airway allergen challenge on hematopoietic activity in the bone marrow (BM) and lungs was investigated using murine models of allergic airway inflammation. Acute allergen(More)