S. P. Petukhov

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Synthetic steroid hormone antagonists are clinically important compounds that regulate physiological responses to steroid hormones. The antagonists bind to the hormone receptors, which are ligand-inducible transcription factors, and modulate their gene-regulatory activities. In most instances, a steroid receptor, such as progesterone receptor (PR) or(More)
Although it was shown earlier that phosphorylation of Na,K-ATPase by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) occurs in intact cells, the purified enzyme in vitro is phosphorylated by PKA only after treatment by detergent. This is accompanied by an unfortunate side effect of the detergent that results in complete loss of Na,K-ATPase activity. To reveal the(More)
Ca,phospholipid-dependent (PKC) and cAMP-dependent (PKA) protein kinases phosphorylate the alpha-subunit of the Na,K-ATPase from duck salt gland with the incorporation of 0.3 and 0.5 mol 32P/mol of alpha-subunit, respectively. PKA (in contrast to PKC) phosphorylates the alpha-subunit only in the presence of detergents. Limited tryptic digestion of the(More)
The influence of phosphorylation on the properties of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) has been studied. Data obtained using the immobilization approach support the assumption that the autophosphorylation of LDH discovered previously in the presence of ATP has no relation to protein kinase activity of the enzyme. Phosphorylation of native LDH by tyrosine kinases(More)
Conjugates of carminomycin (Cm) with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) were prepared and their cytotoxic activities were studied in vitro. Both conjugates showed cytotoxic activity which exceeded that of free Cm in tumor cell cultures of MCF-7, SKOV3, QOS, P388 and B16 cells. The antitumor effects of the conjugates were studied in(More)
The phosphorylating enzymes of human skin were studied in bioptic samples of normal tissue (18 samples) and tumors (21 cases), melanomas and basaliomas, which developed in different regions of head and face. The activity of cAMP-dependent and cAMP-independent protein kinases was tested in skin extracts using histone HI and casein as substrates of(More)
The cAMP-dependent protein kinase from the soluble fraction of pigeon breast muscle is represented by two forms, PK I and PK II. The ratio of the phosphotransferase activity of the two forms is 35-40% and 60-65% for PK I and PK II, respectively. The regulatory subunit of PK I was isolated in a homogeneous state by affinity chromatography on(More)
The regulatory subunit of type II cAMP-dependent proteinkinase was isolated from cytosol of the rabbit small intestinal mucosa by affinity chromatography. The preparation contained 3 proteolytic enzymes and occurred in two forms differing as regards cAMP affinity. The cAMP-binding capacity of the preparation was equal to 17 nmol cAMP/mg protein. To study(More)
The protein kinases constitute a large class of enzymes catalyzing the phosphorylation of protein substrates and performing important regulatory functions in the cell. There are several different types of protein kinases, differing in their method of regulation and in their substrate specificity. There are cyclic AMPand cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinases,(More)
The influence of ATP on complex formation of phosphorylase kinase (PhK) with glycogen in the presence of Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) has been studied. The initial rate of complex formation decreases with increasing ATP concentration, the dependence of the initial rate on the concentration of ATP having a cooperative character. Formation of the complex of PhK with(More)