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Familial dysautonomia (FD; also known as "Riley-Day syndrome"), an Ashkenazi Jewish disorder, is the best known and most frequent of a group of congenital sensory neuropathies and is characterized by widespread sensory and variable autonomic dysfunction. Previously, we had mapped the FD gene, DYS, to a 0.5-cM region on chromosome 9q31 and had shown that the(More)
Familial dysautonomia (FD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by developmental arrest in the sensory and autonomic nervous systems and by Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. We previously had mapped the defective gene (DYS) to an 11-cM segment of chromosome 9q31-33, flanked by D9S53 and D9S105. By using 11 new polymorphic loci, we now have narrowed the(More)
The defective splicing of pre-mRNA is a major cause of human disease. Exon skipping is a common result of splice mutations and has been reported in a wide variety of genetic disorders, yet the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Often, such mutations are incompletely penetrant, and low levels of normal transcript and protein are maintained. Familial(More)
Mutations that affect the splicing of pre-mRNA are a major cause of human disease. Familial dysautonomia (FD) is a recessive neurodegenerative disease caused by a T to C transition at base pair 6 of IKBKAP intron 20. This mutation results in variable tissue-specific skipping of exon 20. Previously, we reported that the plant cytokinin kinetin dramatically(More)
Familial dysautonomia (FD) is the best-known and most common member of a group of congenital sensory/autonomic neuropathies characterized by widespread sensory and variable autonomic dysfunction. As opposed to the sensory/motor neuropathies, little is known about the causes of neuronal dysfunction and loss in the sensory/autonomic neuropathies. FD involves(More)
Several criteria in B-scan and colour-coded Doppler ultrasound have been shown to discriminate malignant transformation of cervical lymph nodes. All these parameters tend to be operator dependent. We describe the first use of computer-assisted analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasound images evaluating cervical lymphadenopathy in differentiation between(More)
Familial Dysautonomia is an autosomal recessive disease with a remarkably high carrier frequency in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. It has recently been estimated that as many as 1 in 27 Ashkenazi Jews is a carrier of FD. The FD gene has been identified as IKBKAP, and two disease-causing mutations have been identified. The most common mutation, which is(More)
Purpose. Amplification of genetic sequences on chromosome 12q13 is frequently found in soft tissue tumours. However, for the MDM2 gene, over-expression of the MDM2 protein has not always been shown to accompany gene amplification, raising the possibility that amplification of genetic sequences targets alternative genes on chromosome 12q13 for(More)
We recently identified a mutation in the I-kappa B kinase associated protein (IKBKAP) gene as the major cause of familial dysautonomia (FD), a recessive sensory and autonomic neuropathy. This alteration, located at base pair 6 of the intron 20 donor splice site, is present on >99.5% of FD chromosomes and results in tissue-specific skipping of exon 20. A(More)
Two novel human actin-like genes, ACTL7A and ACTL7B, were identified by cDNA selection and direct genomic sequencing from the familial dysautonomia candidate region on 9q31. ACTL7A encodes a 435-amino-acid protein (predicted molecular mass 48.6 kDa) and ACTL7B encodes a 415-amino-acid protein (predicted molecular mass 45. 2 kDa) that show greater than 65%(More)