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The present study describes substantial, selective, age-related loss of the putative inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CIC) of rat based on immunocytochemical and neurochemical data. For immunocytochemistry, neurons in the CIC were immunolabeled using an antibody against a GABA conjugate in young adult (2-(More)
Septal lesions disrupt septohippocampal neurotransmission and impair spatial memory. (-)-Nicotine reduces the memory deficits but has substantial side effect liabilities. Previous studies have demonstrated that ABT-418 is a novel, selective ligand for neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In the current study, ABT-418 (0.19 and 1.9 mumol/kg, i.p.)(More)
Previous studies have implicated a decreased efficacy of GABA as an important defect subserving the audiogenic seizures of the genetically epilepsy-prone rat (GEPR-9). The inferior colliculus (IC) is a critical site for audiogenic seizure (AGS) initiation, and the pontine reticular formation (PRF) is implicated in the propagation of AGS and in other(More)
Selective changes in the mating pattern occurred 30 minutes following administration of RDS-127 (3.0 mg/kg, IP) to sexually experienced adult male rats. Marked decreases in intromission frequency and ejaculation latency were observed. These data indicate a potent effect upon conummatory mechanisms underlying copulatory behavior. The lack of effect upon(More)
This study sought to compare resting and evoked increases in cortical microvascular perfusion elicited by electrical microstimulation of the basal forebrain (BF) in young (4-6 months) and aged (22-26 months) Sprague-Dawley rats. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured in chloralose-anesthetized rats for twelve bilateral regions using(More)
We sought to establish what proportion of the cholinergic innervation of the cerebral cortex (CX) is associated with intraparenchymal blood vessels by using immunocytochemical and neurochemical techniques, and whether [3H]acetylcholine ([3H]ACh) is synthesized and released by elements associated with cortical microvessels (MV). MVs and, for comparison,(More)
We sought to determine whether the increase in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) elicited within the cerebral cortex (CX) by electrical stimulation of the fastigial nucleus (FN) of the cerebellum is: prevented by local application of the muscarinic cholinergic receptor antagonist, atropine and temporally correlated with a stimulus-locked release of(More)
This study sought to determine the effect of heptylphysostigmine (H-PHY), a reversible cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor with greater lipophilicity and longer duration of action than physostigmine, on resting and basal forebrain (BF)-elicited increases in cortical cerebral blood flow (CBF). Laser-doppler flowmetry (LDF) was used to monitor changes in frontal(More)
The effects of ovariectomy, castration, and chronic lithium chloride treatment on stereotyped behavior (SB) induced by apomorphine (APO) (0.3--0.6 mg/kg) were investigated in rats. Duration of stereotyped behavior (interval between APO injection and termination of SB) increased in ovariectomized rats compared to female control rats. Castration had no effect(More)
The effects of (-)-lobeline were assessed in two learning and memory tasks in which nicotine-induced enhancement of performance has previously been demonstrated. Lobeline (19 mumol/kg, IP) administered immediately after inhibitory (passive) avoidance training improved retention performance assessed 24 h later, as rats that received this dose of lobeline(More)