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Reactive species generated by chemicals and UV radiation can cause sequence-specific DNA damage and play important roles in mutagenesis, carcinogenesis and aging. We have investigated sequence specificity of oxidative stress-mediated DNA damage by using 32P-labeled DNA fragments obtained from the human c-Ha-ras-1 and p53 genes. Free hydroxyl radical causes(More)
We investigated whether oxidative stress, which contributes to aging, accelerates the telomere shortening in human cultured cells. The terminal restriction fragment (TRF) from WI-38 fibroblasts irradiated with UVA (365-nm light) decreased with increasing of the irradiation dose. Furthermore, UVA irradiation dose-dependently increased the formation of(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, a member of the BMP family, plays an important role in osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. To discover small molecules that induce BMP-2, a luciferase reporter vector containing the 5'-flanking promoter region of the human BMP-2 gene was constructed and transfected into human osteosarcoma (HOS) cells. By the(More)
Temporal and spatial distribution of a gene encoding murine bone morphogenetic protein 4 (mBMP-4) during fracture repair were investigated in mice by RT-PCR and in situ hybridization. For in situ hybridization, fractured ribs and surrounding tissues were decalcified and hybridized with a mBMP-4-specific complementary RNA probe labeled with digoxigenin-11(More)
An unusual nephropathy presumably induced by abnormal lipid metabolism is described in a 57-year-old woman who presented with proteinuria and edema. Histology at renal biopsy was characterized by marked dilatation of capillary lumina. Sudan staining and electron microscopy demonstrated lipid droplets occupying the capillary lumina. The patient had no(More)
Telomere shortening during human aging has been reported to be accelerated by oxidative stress. We investigated the mechanism of telomere shortening by oxidative stress. H2O2 plus Cu(II) caused predominant DNA damage at the 5' site of 5'-GGG-3' in the telomere sequence. Furthermore, H2O2 plus Cu(II) induced 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG)(More)
We examined the redox properties of the "carcinogenic" catechol and the "noncarcinogenic" hydroquinone in relation to different DNA damaging activities and carcinogenicity using 32P-labeled DNA fragments obtained from the human genes. In the presence of endogenous NADH and Cu2+, catechol induces stronger DNA damage than hydroquinone, although the magnitudes(More)
Inflammation mediated by infection is an important factor causing carcinogenesis. Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) infection is a risk factor of cholangiocarcinoma (CHCA), probably through chronic inflammation. Formation of 8-nitroguanine and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and heme(More)
To clarify the association between oxidative DNA damage and the neurotoxicity of arsenic, the formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as an index of oxidative DNA damage in the brain was examined in mice fed with drinking water containing 1 or 2 ppm arsenic, using an HPLC-electrochemical detector and immunohistochemical method. 8-OHdG levels were(More)