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Insufficient physical activity (PA) is considered a critical contributor to childhood overweight. Parents are a key in influencing their child's PA through various mechanisms of PA parenting, including support, restriction of PA and facilitation of enrolment in PA classes or activities. However, study findings are difficult to compare because instruments(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess overweight and obesity status transition probabilities using first-order Markov transition models applied to elementary school children. METHOD Complete longitudinal data across 11 assessments were available from 1494 elementary school children (from 7599 students in 41 out of 45 schools in a Southeast(More)
Angiogenesis is a highly complex orchestrated process that plays a critical role in normal development and in the pathophysiology of multiple disease processes, including tumour neovascularization, ischaemic recovery, and wound healing. In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in Eph receptors and their ligands, ephrins, as their(More)
BACKGROUND Snacking among US preschoolers has increased in recent decades, raising questions about whether snacking contributes to dietary excess. OBJECTIVES This research aimed to characterize snacking contributions to dietary excess and to evaluate associations with appetite and weight among preschool-aged children. METHODS This study is a(More)
OBJECTIVE:Large portions promote intake among children, but little is known about the external influences of the eating environment on children’s self-selected portion sizes. This research experimentally tested effects of the amount of entree available and serving spoon size on children’s self-served entree portions and intakes at dinner meals. A secondary(More)
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