Learn More
The effects of removing chondroitin sulfate from chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan molecules on guidance of retinal ganglion cell axons at the optic chiasm were investigated in a brain slice preparation of mouse embryos of embryonic day 13 to 15. Slices were grown for 5 hours and growth of dye-labeled axons was traced through the chiasm. After continuous(More)
Early monocular enucleations were done in rats, either at embryonic day 16 (E16) or on the day of birth, and the surviving uncrossed pathway was studied either at birth for some of the animals enucleated prenatally, or in the adult for all of the other animals. The uncrossed pathways were studied by using HRP as a retrograde tracer. The neonatal(More)
The development of the uncrossed retinofugal pathways in normally pigmented and albino rats, aged from embryonic day (E) 14.5 to E18.5, was investigated. DiI was placed into one optic tract and the retinal origin of the uncrossed component, as well as its course in the optic stalk, was studied. The results show that, as in the mouse, the uncrossed retinal(More)
Using quantitative immunoblotting, we have measured the level of two mammalian neurofilament proteins, the 68-kDa NF-L and the 66-kDa NF-66 (alpha-internexin), in the rat CNS during development. NF-66 is localized in neurons and neuronal processes in both embryonic and postnatal brain. Importantly, NF-66 is more abundant than NF-L in both forebrain and(More)
Intravitreal injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) produced a substantial damage to the adult rat retina that was largely restricted to inner retinal layers, including the ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner nuclear layer (INL), inner, and outer plexiform layers. This retinal damage was significantly reduced by a systemic injection of a low dose of MK-801(More)
In order to define the extent to which retinotopic order in the optic pathways may contribute to fiber segregation at the chiasm or to the formation of central maps, the arrangement of fibers in the optic nerve and tract of rat embryos, on embryonic days 16.5 and 18.5, has been studied by placing a small granule of DiI in one of the four quadrants of the(More)
Retinal cell death induced by over-stimulation of glutamate receptors is related to the programmed cell death or apoptosis. However, little is known about the intracellular events that lead to this cell death process in the retina. In this study, we asked if caspase-3 family cysteine proteases regulate cell death in an explant culture of adult rat retina(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) induces P19 embryonal carcinoma cells to differentiate into neurons with the extension of neuritic processes. We used the P19 cell as a model system to elucidate the regulation of neurofilament (NF) expression. Four mammalian NF proteins, NF-66 (alpha-internexin), peripherin, NF-L and NF-M, and the neural-specific, growth-associated gene,(More)
The changes in quadrant-specific fiber order in the retinofugal pathway of the C57-pigmented mouse aged embryonic day 15 were investigated by using single- (1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate; DiI) and double- (N-4-4-didecylaminostyryl-N-methylpyridinium iodide; 4Di-10ASP in addition to DiI) labeling techniques. At this(More)
The postnatal development of normal and anomalous uncrossed retinofugal projections in albino rats was studied using horseradish peroxidase and lectin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase as retrograde neuronal tracers. In normal rats, the number of ipsilaterally projecting retinal ganglion cells (IPRGCs) decreased continuously from more than 3000 cells on the(More)