S O Castillo

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To ascertain the function of an orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1, a transcription factor belonging to a large gene family that includes receptors for steroids, retinoids, and thyroid hormone, we generated Nurr1-null mice by homologous recombination. Mice, heterozygous for a single mutated Nurr1 allele, appear normal, whereas mice homozygous for the null allele(More)
Retrospective studies have shown that patients with tobacco-related cancers who continue to smoke after their diagnoses have lower response rates and shorter median survival compared with patients who stop smoking. To provide insight into the biologic basis for these clinical observations, we tested whether two tobacco components, nicotine or the(More)
Various factors, including the orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1, have been implicated in dopamine biosynthesis, but many of the specific events involved in this process have to be determined. Using genetic manipulations in mice, the obligatory role for Nurr1 in dopamine (DA) biosynthesis has been documented; however, the mechanism remains unclear. DA(More)
Nurr1 and Nur77 (NGFI-B) are orphan nuclear receptors, belonging to the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor gene superfamily. They have conserved amino acid sequence in the zinc-finger DNA binding domains and similar COOH-terminal regions, but have no known ligands. However, different expression patterns during brain development and tissue distributions of(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1 is a transcription factor that belongs to the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily and is expressed in many regions of the brain. To determine the physiological role of Nurr1, we previously generated mice with a null mutation in the Nurr1 gene. Nurr1-null mice appear to develop normally but die within 12 h after(More)
To determine if human XX maleness results from an abnormal chromosomal X-Y interchange, we studied the inheritance of the paternal pseudoautosomal region in nine patients. Those six patients in whom Y-specific DNA was found (Y(+)) inherited the entire pseudoautosomal region from the paternal Y chromosome and lost that of the paternal X chromosome. Moreover,(More)
We have cloned and characterized the organization of the mouse orphan nuclear receptor Nurr1 gene. The Nurr1 gene is approximately 7 kb long, contains eight exons and seven introns, and mapped to mouse chromosome 2. Although the exon/intron structure of Nurr1 is nearly identical to that of Nur77, Nurr1 possesses an additional untranslated exon. Primer(More)
Orphan nuclear receptors such as Nurr1 and Nur77 have conserved amino acid sequences in the zinc finger DNA binding domains and similar COOH-terminal regions, but have no known ligands. These receptors can bind DNA sequences (response elements) as monomers and can also heterodimerize with the retinoid X receptor to activate transcription. We report here the(More)
We investigated five methylation markers recently linked to body mass index, for their role in the neuropathology of obesity. In neuroimaging experiments, our analysis involving 23 participants showed that methylation levels for the cg07814318 site, which lies within the KLF13 gene, correlated with brain activity in the claustrum, putamen, cingulate gyrus(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the Szego hypothesis of increased beta-glucuronidase and acid phosphatase activities in hormone target tissues. METHODS The presence of beta-glucuronidase and acid phosphatase activities in nuclear subcellular fractions obtained from decidual (implantation site) and stromal (nonimplantation zone) tissues was demonstrated by both(More)
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