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A highly sensitive method for the assay of catechol-O-methyltransferase in erythrocytes is described, which employs high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. A newly synthesized catechol compound, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)naphtho [1,2-d]thiazole is used as a highly fluorogenic substrate for catechol-O-methyltransferase; the m- and(More)
Morphine induced-reduction in response to a repetitive electrical stimulation of the tail was measured in acute rats and rats chronically treated with haloperidol (1 mg/kg/d, for 7 d) following pretreatment with apomorphine. In acute experiments, a significant enhancement of the anti-struggling action of morphine was produced by haloperidol (1 mg/kg, i.p.).(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute inflammatory disorder of children frequently associated with the development of coronary artery abnormalities. Although a great deal is known about inflammatory and immune responses in acute KD, the mechanisms linking the immune response to vascular changes are not known. To gain further insight into this process, we(More)
A natural antibody with binding specificity for recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) expressed in mouse C127 cells was present in almost all disease-free humans and patients with thrombotic disease examined. This antibody was specific for a carbohydrate, alpha 1-3-linked galactose residue, and was isolated by affinity chromatography using(More)
Pharmacokinetics of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) produced in mouse C127 cells (t-PA(C127] and Chinese hamster ovary cells (t-PA(CHO] was investigated in chimpanzees. rt-PA was administered via a constant rate i.v. infusion for 60 min, and t-PA concentration and activity in plasma were measured during and after infusion. The(More)
The heat inactivating effect of low-pressure carbonation (LPC) at 1 MPa against Escherichia coli was enhanced to 3.5log orders. This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms of this increase in heat inactivation efficiency. The increased inactivation ratio was found to be the result of LPC-induced heat sensitization. This sensitization was not due to any(More)
We have recently reported that annexin (Anx) A3 expression is necessary for hepatocyte growth in cultured rat hepatocytes seeded at half the subconfluent density on collagen. In the present study, we investigated the effects of various regulatory factors of hepatocyte growth on AnxA3 expression. AnxA3 expression was significantly reduced in hepatocytes(More)
The tailing in pressure inactivation curve of clinically isolated Escherichia coli O157:H7 was investigated. A typical tailing was observed after the treatment period for 30min when 10(7) CFU/ml of the cell suspension was subjected to pressure treatment at 300MPa and 25 degrees Celsius. There was no effect on the tailing profiles by the addition of(More)
We describe a new method to measure human serum antibody against streptococcal erythrogenic toxins that uses inhibition of lymphocyte mitogenicity of the toxins as the indicator. Sera from 53% of 53 Kawasaki disease patients contained specific inhibitory activity against A toxin, whereas only 15% had serum inhibitory activity against B toxin. The specific(More)
The effect of preincubation under low temperatures on inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus IFO 13276 by hydrostatic pressure treatment (HPT) was investigated. Preincubation before HPT was carried out by submerging cell suspension in an ethylene glycol bath at temperatures from 30 to -20 degrees C for 15 min. After HPT at the same temperatures, survivors of(More)