S. Niranjanakumari

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Serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) catalyzes the first committed step in sphingolipid biosynthesis. In yeast, SPT is composed of a heterodimer of 2 highly-related subunits, Lcb1p and Lcb2p, and a third subunit, Tsc3p, which increases enzyme activity markedly and is required for growth at elevated temperatures. Higher eukaryotic orthologs of Lcb1p and Lcb2p(More)
Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ribonucleoprotein complex that catalyzes the cleavage of the 5' end of precursor tRNA. To characterize the interface between the Bacillus subtilis RNA (PRNA) and protein (P protein) components, the intraholoenzyme KD is determined as a function of ionic strength using a magnetocapture-based assay. Three distinct phases are(More)
The autosomal dominant peripheral sensory neuropathy HSAN1 results from mutations in the LCB1 subunit of serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT). Serum from patients and transgenic mice expressing a disease-causing mutation (C133W) contain elevated levels of 1-deoxysphinganine (1-deoxySa), which presumably arise from inappropriate condensation of alanine with(More)
The silk gland of Bombyx mori, an endomitotically replicative tissue shows high levels of DNA polymerases alpha, delta, and epsilon activities. The ratio of polymerase alpha to that of delta plus epsilon is maintained at 1.1 to 1.3 in both the posterior and middle silk glands for the entire duration of late larval development. The three activities copurify(More)
Ribonuclease P is a ribonucleoprotein complex that catalyzes the essential 5' maturation of all precursor tRNA molecules. The protein component both alters the conformation of the RNA component and enhances the substrate affinity and specificity. To facilitate biochemical and biophysical studies, the protein component of Bacillus subtilis ribonuclease P(More)
Bacterial ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ribonucleoprotein complex composed of one catalytic RNA (PRNA) and one protein subunit (P protein) that together catalyze the 5' maturation of precursor tRNA. High-resolution X-ray crystal structures of the individual P protein and PRNA components from several species have been determined, and structural models of the(More)
The silk gland of Bombyx mori is a terminally differentiated tissue in which DNA replication continues without cell or nuclear division during larval development. DNA polymerase-delta activity increases in the posterior and middle silk glands during the development period, reaching maximal levels in the middle of the fifth instar larvae. The enzyme has been(More)
Silk gland cells of Bombyx mori undergo chromosomal endoduplication throughout larval development. The DNA content of both posterior and middle silk gland nuclei increased by 300,000 times the haploid genomic content, amounting to 18 rounds of replication. The DNA doubling time is approximately 48 h and 24 h during the fourth and fifth instars of larval(More)
The Thermotoga maritima aldolase gene has been cloned into a T7 expression vector and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The preparation yields 470 UL(-1) of enzyme at a specific activity of 9.4 U mg(-1). During retroaldol cleavage of KDPG, the enzyme shows a k(cat) that decreases with decreasing temperature. A more than offsetting decrease in K(m) yields(More)
The DNA content in the silk glands of the non-mulberry silkworm Philosamia ricini increases continuously during the fourth and fifth instars of larval development indicating high levels of DNA replication in this terminally differentiated tissue. Concomitantly, the DNA polymerase alpha activity also increases in the middle and the posterior silk glands(More)