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The mTORC1 kinase promotes growth in response to growth factors, energy levels, and amino acids, and its activity is often deregulated in disease. The Rag GTPases interact with mTORC1 and are proposed to activate it in response to amino acids by promoting mTORC1 translocation to a membrane-bound compartment that contains the mTORC1 activator, Rheb. We show(More)
The Src family of protein tyrosine kinases (Src-PTKs) is important in the regulation of growth and differentiation of eukaryotic cells. The activity of Src-PTKs in cells of different types is negatively controlled by Csk, which specifically phosphorylates a conserved regulatory tyrosine residue at the carboxy-terminal tail of the Src-PTKs. Csk is mainly(More)
Necdin is a multifunctional signaling protein that stabilizes terminal differentiation of postmitotic neurons. The human necdin gene in chromosome 15q11-q12 is maternally imprinted, paternally transcribed, and not expressed in Prader-Willi syndrome, a human genomic imprinting-associated neurodevelopmental disorder. Although necdin-deficient mice display(More)
ABCA5 is a member of the ABC transporter A subfamily, and a mouse orthologue (mABCA5) in newborn mouse brain and neural cells was identified by reverse transcription-PCR. Full-length cDNA cloning revealed that mABCA5 consists of 1,642 amino acid residues and that its putative structure is that of a full-type ABC transporter having two sets of six(More)
The protein-tyrosine kinase activity of the proto-oncogene product p60c-src is negatively regulated by the phosphorylation of a tyrosine residue close to the C terminus, tyrosine 527. The phosphorylation might be catalysed by a so-far-unidentified tyrosine kinase, distinct from p60c-src. Recently we purified a protein-tyrosine kinase that specifically(More)
Csk is a novel cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase that has been shown to inactivate members of the Src family of protein-tyrosine kinases in vitro. To examine the function of Csk in vivo, Csk-deficient mouse embryos were generated by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. These embryos were developmentally arrested at the 10 to 12 somite stage and(More)
In order to study the role of tyrosine kinase signaling in the post-synaptic density (PSD), tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins associated with the PSD-95/NMDA receptor complex were analyzed. The NMDA receptor complex from the mouse brain was successfully solubilized with deoxycholate and immunopurified with anti-PSD-95 or anti-phosphotyrosine antibody.(More)
For the zonula adherens (ZA) to be established by linear arrangement of adherens junctions (AJs) in epithelial sheet cells, critical for the epithelial cell sheet formation and intercellular barrier function, myosin-2 is supposedly integrated into the ZA with the result of overlapping localization of E-cadherin/actin/myosin-2. Here, we immunofluorescently(More)
Although the requirement for c-Src in extracellular matrix (ECM)-mediated fibroblast motility has been well established, the roles of hemopoietic Src family protein tyrosine kinases in leukocyte migration have not been fully elucidated. To address the issue, we analyzed fibronectin (Fn)-mediated adhesion signaling in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) 2H3 cells(More)
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) functions as a component of two large complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, which play crucial roles in regulating cell growth and homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanisms by which mTOR controls cell proliferation remain elusive. Here we show that the FoxO3a transcription factor is coordinately regulated by mTORC1(More)