S N Kreitzman

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1. Total body areal bone mineral density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in eight women before and 10 weeks after a very-low-calorie diet [405 kcal (1701 kJ)/day]. 2. The mean weight loss of 15.6 kg was accompanied by a statistically significant reduction in total body bone mineral density from 1.205 +/- 0.056 to 1.175 +/- 0.058 g/cm2 (mean(More)
Glycogen is stored in the liver, muscles, and fat cells in hydrated form (three to four parts water) associated with potassium (0.45 mmol K/g glycogen). Total body potassium (TBK) changes early in very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) primarily reflect glycogen storage. Potassium released from glycogen can distort estimates of body composition during dieting. TBK(More)
Body composition measurements, including total body nitrogen (TBN) by in vivo neutron activation analysis, were made on 11 female volunteers before and after an 11-wk very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) [1695 kJ (405 kcal) 6.7 g N]. Mean body mass index (BMI) changed from 32.1 to 26.2 kg/m2, corresponding to a mean weight loss of 16.2 +/- 2.4 (SD) kg. The mean(More)
Fat-free mass was measured by hydrodensitometry, electrical impedance and total body potassium before and after water and electrolyte loss induced by (a) the administration of the diuretic frusemide, and (b) sweat loss. All methods of measuring fat-free mass were shown by pilot experiments to have procedural reliability. The diuretic caused a reduction in(More)
Body composition, resting metabolic rate (RMR) and physical work capacity (aerobic capacity) were measured in four groups of 10 overweight women during 8 weeks of VLCD (405 kcal/day (42 g protein] followed by 8 weeks of 1500 kcal/day maintenance with two additional non dieting groups as controls. Five groups, i.e. two control groups plus three dieting(More)
Apparent body composition changes with weight loss on very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) can depend on the method of fat-free mass estimation. In this report the implications of differences in measurement by direct versus indirect methods are examined. The nitrogen sparing and protein economy associated with ketosis is relevant and results of clinical trials with(More)
There is a positive relationship between the amount people eat in a meal and the length of time since the previous meal (preprandial correlation). This study attempted to ascertain whether this correlation occurs due to environmental constraints on eating. Eight male and 30 female undergraduate students were instructed to list everything they ate and when(More)
Careful medical and laboratory monitoring of 27 subjects during a 28-day use of a 330-calorie (Cal)/day liquid formula, with weight loss averaging 9.1 kg (range, 3.2 to 19.1 kg), included a 22-factor automated blood chemistry analysis, BP, hematology, urine analysis, lipid profile, delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity, differential cell count, ECG, and Holter(More)
Mood, hunger, and energy intake were monitored in eight obese women before, during, and after 2 wk on a very-low-calorie diet (VLCD). Energy intake was significantly lower by approximately 30% in the week after the VLCD compared with the prediet week, both from food diaries and at a controlled ad libitum test meal. There was a gradual reduction in hunger,(More)
The assumption that total energy expended is related to resting metabolic rate (RMR) has not been validated. Intuitively, weight lost should be determined by the difference between the total energy consumed and the total energy expended. The ratio of actual daily energy usage to RMR by subjects dieting for 11 wk on a 1695-kJ (405-kcal) very-low-calorie diet(More)