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The major goal of this investigation was to collect statistically-based anthropometry describing the kinematics of the human hand and to model this anthropometry as a function of external hand measurements, so that it may be predicted noninvasively. Joint centres were anatomically estimated as the centre of curvature of the head of the bone proximal to the(More)
Eight ankles from fresh cadavera were tested under simulated clinical conditions to determine the effect of increasing the size of the posterior malleolar fracture on the contact area of the ankle joint and on the distribution of joint pressure. The surface area of contact decreased with increased size of the posterior malleolar fragment. However, the(More)
Thrombospondin-2 (TSP2) is a matricellular protein with increased expression during growth and regeneration. TSP2-null mice show accelerated dermal wound healing and enhanced bone formation. We hypothesized that bone regeneration would be enhanced in the absence of TSP2. Closed, semistabilized transverse fractures were created in the tibias of wildtype (WT)(More)
OBJECT The goal in this study was to develop a convenient, less-invasive animal model to monitor progression of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration for future testing of new treatments for disc degeneration. METHODS Level 5/6 and 7/8 IVDs of rat caudal spine were stabbed laterally with 18- or 21-gauge hypodermic needles to a depth of 5 mm from the(More)
The mechanical properties of trabecular bone have been shown to vary significantly with age, anatomic location, and metabolic condition. Efforts towards predicting its behavior have been extensive, and significant relationship between measures of density and mechanical integrity have been reported. Unfortunately, the significant heterogeneity in trabecular(More)
The use of ultrasound has developed over the last 50 years into an indispensable first-line test for the cardiac evaluation of symptomatic patients. The technologic miniaturization and improvement in transducer technology, as well as the implementation of educational curriculum changes in residency training programs and specialty practice, have facilitated(More)
The purpose of this study was to test whether the menisci displace under joint compression combined with internal-external torques and anterior-posterior forces at fixed flexion angles. We further determined differences in displacements between the medial and lateral menisci. Loads were applied to the joint, and joint load and displacements were measured.(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are a source of osteoblast precursors that can be recruited during bone remodeling or injury, both important processes in aging populations. With advancing age, alterations in bone structure and mineralization are often associated with an increase in osteoporosis and fracture risk. Changes in the number of osteoprogenitor(More)
Bone remodeling is necessary to avoid microdamage accumulation, which could lead to whole-bone failure. Previous studies have shown that this bone-repair mechanism is triggered by osteocyte apoptosis. Through the use of a rodent hindlimb suspension model and tibial four-point bending model, the effects of disuse on microdamage remodeling was examined. At(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) stimulates repair of healing-impaired chronic wounds such as diabetic ulcers and periodontal lesions. However, limitations in predictability of tissue regeneration occur due, in part, to transient growth factor bioavailability in vivo. Here, we report that gene delivery of PDGF-B stimulates repair of oral implant(More)