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Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous environmental bacterium that is one of the top three causes of opportunistic human infections. A major factor in its prominence as a pathogen is its intrinsic resistance to antibiotics and disinfectants. Here we report the complete sequence of P. aeruginosa strain PAO1. At 6.3 million base pairs, this is the largest(More)
Representational difference analysis was used to search for pathogens in multiple sclerosis brains. We detected a 341-nucleotide fragment that was 99.4% identical to the major DNA binding protein gene of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). Examination of 86 brain specimens by PCR demonstrated that HHV-6 was present in > 70% of MS cases and controls and is thus a(More)
A consensus primer PCR method which amplifies a region of herpesviral DNA-directed DNA polymerase (EC and which uses degenerate primers in a nested format was developed. Primers were designed to target sequences coding for highly conserved amino acid motifs covering a region of approximately 800 bp. The assay was applied to 22 species of(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa can employ many distinct mechanisms of resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics; however, in cystic fibrosis patients, more than 90% of aminoglycoside-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates are of the impermeability phenotype. The precise molecular mechanisms that produce aminoglycoside impermeability-type resistance are yet to be(More)
Aggrecan, one of the major structural genes of cartilage, encodes a proteoglycan core protein composed of an extended central glycosaminoglycan-bearing domain, flanked by globular domains at each end. The central region consists of long stretches of repeating amino acids that serve as attachment sites for glycosaminoglycans such as chondroitin and keratan(More)
The Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus infects diverse tissues and causes a wide spectrum of diseases, suggesting that it possesses a repertoire of distinct molecular mechanisms promoting bacterial survival in disparate in vivo environments. Signature-tag transposon mutagenesis screening of a 1520-member library identified numerous S. aureus(More)
Staphylococcus aureus causes a wide variety of invasive human infections. However, delineation of the genes which are essential for the in vivo survival of this pathogen has not been accomplished to date. Using signature tag mutagenesis techniques and large mutant pool screens, previous investigators identified several major gene classes as candidate(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen of humans and other animals, causing bacteremia, abscesses, endocarditis, and other infectious syndromes. A signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) system was adapted for use in studying the genes required for in vivo survival of S. aureus. An STM library was ultimately created in S. aureus RN6390, with Tn917 being(More)
We have isolated and sequenced overlapping cDNA clones encoding the entire core protein of aggrecan (the large aggregating chondroitin sulfate/keratan sulfate proteoglycan of cartilage) from three chondrocyte cDNA libraries of BALB/c mice and localized the aggrecan gene in mouse chromosome 7. We determined 7386 bp of the cDNA sequence, including 132 and 854(More)
Aggrecan is a major structural component of cartilage extracellular matrix and a specific gene product of differentiated chondrocytes. cDNA clones have been used to isolate rat aggrecan genomic clones from phage and cosmid libraries, producing over 80 kilobases (kb) of overlapping DNA containing the complete rat aggrecan gene, including 12 kb of 5'- and 8(More)
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