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In this paper, we review the results of BIOINFOMED, a study funded by the European Commission (EC) with the purpose to analyse the different issues and challenges in the area where Medical Informatics and Bioinformatics meet. Traditionally, Medical Informatics has been focused on the intersection between computer science and clinical medicine, whereas(More)
A 5-ns molecular dynamics study of a tetraheme cytochrome in fully oxidized and reduced forms was performed using the CHARMM molecular modeling program, with explicit water molecules, Langevin dynamics thermalization, Particle Mesh Ewald long-range electrostatics, and quantum mechanical determination of heme partial charges. The simulations used, as(More)
The flavoenzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase A from Lactococcus lactis is a homodimeric protein of 311 residues/subunit, and the two active sites are positioned at a distance from the dimer interface. To promote formation of the monomeric form of the enzyme, we changed the residues involved in formation of two salt bridges formed between the residues Glu206(More)
Dihydroorotate dehydrogenases (DHODs) are flavoenzymes catalyzing the oxidation of (S)-dihydroorotate to orotate in the biosynthesis of UMP, the precursor of all other pyrimidine nucleotides. On the basis of sequence, DHODs can be divided into two classes, class 1, further divided in subclasses 1A and 1B, and class 2. This division corresponds to(More)
Unique among sulphate-reducing bacteria, Desulfovibrio africanus has two periplasmic tetraheme cytochromes c3, one with an acidic isoelectric point which exhibits an unusually low reactivity towards hydrogenase, and another with a basic isoelectric point which shows the usual cytochrome c3reactivity. The crystal structure of the oxidised acidic cytochrome(More)
The flavoenzymes dihydroorotate dehydrogenases (DHODs) catalyze the fourth and only redox step in the de novo biosynthesis of UMP. Enzymes belonging to class 2, according to their amino acid sequence, are characterized by having a serine residue as the catalytic base and a longer N terminus. The structure of class 2 E. coli DHOD, determined by MAD phasing,(More)
Dihydroorotate dehydrogenases (DHODs) are flavin-containing enzymes which catalyse the conversion of (S)-dihydroorotate to orotate, the fourth step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides. Two major families of DHODs have now been identified based on their amino-acid sequence similarities. The two families differ in their reaction mechanisms,(More)
BACKGROUND The fourth step and only redox reaction in pyrimidine de novo biosynthesis is catalyzed by the flavoprotein dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHOD). Based on their sequences, DHODs are grouped into two major families. Lactococcus lactis is one of the few organisms with two DHODs, A and B, belonging to each of the two subgroups of family 1. The B(More)
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