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Protein-protein interactions play pivotal roles in various aspects of the structural and functional organization of the cell, and their complete description is indispensable to thorough understanding of the cell. As an approach toward this goal, here we report a comprehensive system to examine two-hybrid interactions in all of the possible combinations(More)
We developed an extensive yeast gene expression library consisting of full-genome cDNA array data for over 500 yeast strains, each with a single-gene disruption. Using this data, combined with dose and time course expression experiments with the oral antifungal agent griseofulvin, whose exact molecular targets were previously unknown, we used Boolean and(More)
MOTIVATION In the process of protein construction, buried hydrophobic residues tend to assemble in a core of a protein. Methods used to predict these cores involve use or no use of sequential alignment. In the case of a close homology, prediction was more accurate if sequential alignment was used. If the homology was weak, predictions would be unreliable. A(More)
We characterized a trifluoroleucine-resistant mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, TFL20, that has a mutation in the LEU4 gene. We monitored the concentration of extracellular i-AmOH and intracellular amino acids, and compared the ratios of gene expression in TFL20 with the wild-type strain, K30. We found that the LEU1, LEU2, and BAT1 genes were up-regulated(More)
Tunas are migratory fishes in offshore habitats and top predators with unique features. Despite their ecological importance and high market values, the open-ocean lifestyle of tuna, in which effective sensing systems such as color vision are required for capture of prey, has been poorly understood. To elucidate the genetic and evolutionary basis of optic(More)
In our model system, we generated T cell clones specific for the HLA-DR4 (DRB1*0405)-index peptide (YWALEAAAD) complex. Based on response patterns of the T cell clones, analogue peptides containing single amino acid substitutions of the index peptide were classified into three types, agonists, antagonists or null peptides (non-agonistic and non-antagonistic(More)
Microarrays are often used to identify target genes that trigger specific diseases, to elucidate the mechanisms of drug effects, and to check SNPs. However, data from microarray experiments are well known to contain biases resulting from the experimental protocols. Therefore, in order to elucidate biological knowledge from the data, systematic biases(More)
Gene regulatory networks elucidated from strategic, genome-wide experimental data can aid in the discovery of novel gene function information and expression regulation events from observation of transcriptional regulation among genes of known and unknown biological function. To create a reliable and comprehensive data set for the elucidation of(More)
Streptomyces ATP nucleotide 3'-pyrophosphokinase is an extracellular, ribosome-independent, and stringent factor-mimic ppGpp synthetase with an unusually broad acceptor spectrum. The gene-containing DNA fragments cloned from chromosomal DNA of a producer S. morookaensis into pIJ699 and pUC plasmids were found to express the active enzyme in the transformed(More)
Genome sequencing has revealed many pairs of proteins termed two-component systems (TCSs) in bacteria. Each pair consists of a sensor or histidine kinase (HK) and an effector or response regulator (RR). The HK is usually a membrane-spanning protein that senses specific environmental parameters and communicates this information to the cytoplasmic RR protein(More)