S. Murat Bicer

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We recently reported that masticatory myosin heavy chain (MHC-M) is expressed as the exclusive or predominant MHC isoform in masseter and temporalis muscles of several rodent species, contrary to the prevailing dogma that rodents express almost exclusively MHC isoforms that are typically found in fast limb muscles and not masticatory myosin. We also(More)
We reported marked differences in the myosin heavy and light chain (MHC and MLC) isoform composition of fast and slow fibers between the global and orbital layers of dog extraocular muscles. Many dog extraocular fibers, especially orbital fibers, have MHC and MLC isoform patterns that are distinct from those in limb skeletal muscles. Additional observations(More)
We recently reported that masticatory ('superfast') myosin is expressed in jaw-closing muscles of some rodent species. Most mammalian limb muscle fibers express tropomyosin-β (Tm-β), along with fast-type or slow-type tropomyosin-β (Tm-β), but jaw-closing muscle fibers in members of Carnivora express a unique isoform of Tm [Tm-masticatory (Tm-M)] and little(More)
Masticatory myosin is widely expressed among several vertebrate classes. Generally, the expression of masticatory myosin has been associated with high bite force for a carnivorous feeding style (including capturing/restraining live prey), breaking down tough plant material and defensive biting in different species. Masticatory myosin expression in the(More)
A recent study (Bicer S and Reiser PJ. J Muscle Res Cell Motil 25: 623-633, 2004) suggested considerable variation in the apparent molecular mass (M(a)), deduced from electrophoretic mobility, in fast-type myosin light chains (MLCF), especially MLC1F, among mammalian species. Furthermore, there was an indication that MLC1F M(a) generally correlates with(More)
Cancer patients frequently suffer from fatigue, a complex syndrome associated with loss of muscle mass, weakness, and depressed mood. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) can be present at the time of diagnosis, during treatment, and persists for years after treatment. CRF negatively influences quality of life, limits functional independence, and is associated with(More)
Extensive heterogeneity in myosin heavy chain and light chain (MLC) isoform expression in skeletal muscle has been well documented in several mammalian species. The initial objective of this study was to determine the extent of heterogeneity in myosin isoform expression among single fibers in limb muscles of dogs, a species for which relatively little has(More)
Pig diaphragm slow fibers exhibit heterogeneity in myosin light chain 1 (MLC1) isoform expression, with many expressing fast-type MLC1 (MLC1F), as well as two isoforms of slow-type MLC1 (MLC1Sa and MLC1Sb). The goal of this study was to test if there is a relationship between MLC1 isoform expression and contractile properties among these fibers. Maximal(More)
The thyroarytenoid muscle, a vocal fold adductor, has important roles in airway protection (e.g., prevention of aspiration) and phonation. Isoform expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC), a major determinant of muscle-shortening velocity, has been reported to be heterogeneous in this muscle in several mammals, differing markedly between the medial and(More)
Cancer patients frequently suffer from fatigue, a complex syndrome associated with tiredness and depressed mood. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) can be present at the time of diagnosis, escalates during treatment, and can persist for years after treatment. CRF negatively influences quality of life, limits functional independence, and is associated with(More)