S Morales-Mulia

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To investigate a possible role for Ca as a transduction signal for regulatory volume decrease (RVD), the effects of external Ca removal, Ca channel blockers (Cd, Co, La, Gd, verapamil, diltiazem, dihydropyridines) and inhibitors of endoplasmic reticulum Ca release (dantrolene, ryanodine, TMB-8) were examined on RVD and on the swelling-activated efflux of(More)
Brain imaging and histopathological studies suggest that neurodevelopmental anomalies play a key role in the etiology of schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). New neuron formation and maturation occur in human olfactory epithelium throughout life. Therefore, the olfactory epithelium has been proposed as a model to study alterations in(More)
The role of phosphorylation events on the activation and modulation of the osmosensitive (3)H-taurine release (OTR) was examined in cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGN) stimulated with 30% hyposmotic solutions. OTR was not decreased when [Ca(2+)](i) rise evoked by hyposmolarity was prevented by EGTA-AM (50 microM) or depleted by treatment with 1 microM(More)
Hyposmotic swelling-induced changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and their influence on regulatory volume decrease (RVD) were examined in rat cultured suspended cerebellar astrocytes. Hyposmotic media (50 or 30%) evoked an immediate rise in [Ca2+]i from 117 nM to a mean peak increase of 386 (50%) and 220 nM (30%), followed by a maintained(More)
Cultured cerebellar astrocytes exhibit regulatory volume decrease (RVD) after anisosmotic swelling by extrusion of potassium (K), chloride (Cl), and organic osmolytes. The volume decay curve after swelling in 50% hyposmotic solutions has a first-order rate constant k min(-1) of 0.18 and 70% cell volume recovery is attained after 15 min. Replacing NaCl in(More)
Hyposmotic swelling increased 86Rb release in cultured cerebellar granule neurons (1 day in vitro [DIV]) with a magnitude related to the change in osmolarity. 86Rb release was partially blocked by quinidine, Ba2+, and Cs+ but not by TEA, 4-AP, or Gd3+. 86Rb efflux decreased in Cl(-)-depleted cells or cells treated with DDF or DIDS, suggesting an(More)
The calcium (Ca2+) dependence of potassium (K+) efflux activated by hyposmolarity in cultured cerebellar astrocytes was investigated, measuring in parallel experiments (86)Rb release and changes in cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i). Hyposmotic (50%) medium increased [Ca2+]i from 117 to 386 nM, with contributions of extracellular Ca2+ and Ca2+ from the endoplasmic(More)
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