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The signalling pathway that comprises JAK kinases and STAT proteins (for signal transducer and activator of transcription) is important for relaying signals from various cytokines outside the cell to the inside. The feedback mechanism responsible for switching off the cytokine signal has not been elucidated. We now report the cloning and characterization of(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) binds to two distinct receptor molecules, the IL-2 receptor alpha (IL-2R alpha, p55) chain and the newly identified IL-2 receptor beta (IL-2R beta, p70-75) chain. The cDNA encoding the human IL-2R beta chain has now been isolated. The overall primary structure of the IL-2R beta chain shows no apparent homology to other known receptors.(More)
Upon the corresponding ligand's stimulation, the cytokine receptors activate several signal pathways: JAK-STAT pathway, Ras-MAP kinase pathway and so on. Recently, we demonstrated that one of the STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-3) target genes could suppress the function of STAT3 and designated as SSI-1(STAT induced STAT(More)
Tac antigen, the receptor for human interleukin 2 (IL-2), contains in its intracytoplasmic region a serine residue (Ser-247) that is seemingly the predominant site of protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation. A number of studies on growth factor receptors have suggested the importance of phosphorylation in receptor structure, function, and regulation. In(More)
Interleukin 2 (IL 2) delivers cell growth signal by virtue of its interaction with the high-affinity receptor complex, which consists of two distinct IL 2-binding molecules: the IL 2 receptor alpha (IL 2R alpha) and beta (IL 2R beta) chains. Unlike many known growth factor receptors, neither of the IL 2R chains seems to contain a tyrosine kinase domain. In(More)
CD27 belongs to TNF receptor family, and it is unique in this family for its disulfide-linked homodimerization of 55-kDa monomers. In the present study we demonstrate that overexpression of CD27 in 293 cells induces a low level of NF-kappaB activation, and the ligation of the receptor by its corresponding ligand (CD70) augments this signal dramatically.(More)
The functional, high-affinity interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) consists of at least two receptor components, IL-2R alpha (p55) and IL-2R beta (p70-75). The cDNA encoding the murine IL-2R beta has been isolated by using the previously cloned cDNA for human IL-2R beta as a probe. Analysis of the cDNA revealed that the murine IL-2R beta shows a marked homology(More)
The effects of orally administered secondary autoxidation products of linoleic acid in rat liver were investigated. Their administration led to two toxic effects on hepatic carbohydrate metabolism, as compared to the administration of saline or linoleic acid used as controls. One effect was depletion of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate caused by(More)
Radioactive secondary autoxidation products of linoleic acid were administered orally to rats and the incorporation of radioactive substances into lipids was investigated in the liver. The radioactive substances were significantly incorporated into hepatic mitochondrial and microsomal lipids 12 h after the administration. 80% of the radioactivity in(More)
Methylguanidine (MG) is widely recognized as a strong uremic toxin. The hydroxyl radical (*OH) specifically plays an important role in the pathway of MG production from creatinine (Cr). In this study, we investigated whether oral administration of (-)-epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate (EGCg) suppresses MG production in rats with chronic renal failure after(More)