S. Michal Jazwinski

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Replicative capacity, which is the number of times an individual cell divides, is the measure of longevity in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, a process that involves signaling from the mitochondrion to the nucleus, called retrograde regulation, is shown to determine yeast longevity, and its induction resulted in postponed senescence.(More)
Lag1p and Lac1p are two highly homologous membrane proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). When both genes are deleted, cells cannot transport glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins from the ER to the Golgi at a normal rate. Here we show that microsomes or detergent extracts from lag1lac1 double mutants lack an activity transferring C26(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a finite life span that is measured by the number of daughter cells an individual produces. The 20 genes known to determine yeast life span appear to function in more than one pathway, implicating a variety of physiological processes in yeast longevity. Less attention has been focused on environmental effects on yeast(More)
Individual cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have a limited replicative life-span. The role of the genes RAS1 and RAS2 in yeast longevity was examined. Over-expression of RAS2 led to a 30% increase in the life-span on average and postponed the senescence-related increase in generation time seen during yeast aging. No life-span extension was(More)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a finite life span that is measured by the number of times the individual cell divides. The gene coding for one of several transcripts that are differentially expressed during the replicative life span has been cloned. The nucleotide sequence revealed an open reading frame capable of encoding a transmembrane protein of(More)
In this study, quantitative isobologram studies showed that treatment with gemcitabine and doxorubicin, known inducers of ceramide generation, in combination, supra-additively inhibited the growth of human UM-SCC-22A cells in situ. Then, possible involvement of the human homologue of yeast longevity assurance gene 1 (LASS1)/C(18)-ceramide in(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction induces a signaling pathway, which culminates in changes in the expression of many nuclear genes. This retrograde response, as it is called, extends yeast replicative life span. It also results in a marked increase in the cellular content of extrachromosomal ribosomal DNA circles (ERCs), which can cause the demise of the cell. We(More)
The life spans of individual Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells were determined microscopically by counting the number of buds produced by each cell to provide a measure of the number of cell generations (age) before death. As the cells aged, their generation times increased five- to sixfold. The generation times of daughter cells were virtually identical to(More)
LAG1 is a longevity gene, the first such gene to be identified and cloned from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A close homolog of this gene, which we call LAC1, has been found in the yeast genome. We have cloned the human homolog of LAG1 with the ultimate goal of examining its possible function in human aging. In the process, we have also cloned a(More)
Caloric restriction has been demonstrated to extend life span and postpone aging in a variety of species. The recent extension of the caloric restriction paradigm to yeast places the emphasis of the search for the longevity effectors at the cellular level. To narrow the range of potential effectors of the caloric restriction response, we have examined the(More)