S Michael Owens

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These studies examined the hypothesis that a single large dose of monoclonal anti-phencyclidine (PCP) antibody could provide long-term reductions in brain PCP concentrations despite continuous PCP administration. PCP (18 mg/kg/day, s.c.) was infused to steady-state (24 h) and then a mole-equivalent dose of a short-acting anti-PCP antigen-binding fragment(More)
These studies characterized the concentration-time profile of (+)-methamphetamine [(+)-METH] and its metabolite (+)-amphetamine [(+)-AMP] in the brain and five other tissues after (+)-METH administration. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received a pharmacologically active (+)-METH i.v. bolus dose (1.0 mg/kg) or a nonpharmacologically active s.c. infusion (20 h at(More)
The purpose of these studies was to better understand the behavioral effects and pharmacokinetics of an i.v. bolus dose of (+)-methamphetamine [(+)-METH] in a rat model of (+)-METH abuse. We characterized the behavioral effects after increasing (+)-METH doses (0.1, 0.3, and 1.0 mg/kg) and the pharmacokinetics of (+)-METH (and its metabolite (+)-amphetamine(More)
These studies determined how high-affinity monoclonal antiphencyclidine (PCP) antigen binding fragments of immunoglobulin G (Fab) affects PCP tissue concentrations and serum protein binding in male rats. Animals received an i.v. bolus dose of 1.0 mg/kg of PCP, followed at 2 hr when distribution was complete (but about 70% of the dose remained) by either(More)
Antibody therapy (as either active or passive immunization) is designed primarily to prevent drugs of abuse from entering the central nervous system (CNS). Antidrug antibodies reduce rush, euphoria, and drug distribution to the brain at doses that exceed the apparent binding capacity of the antibody. This is accomplished through a pharmacokinetic(More)
These studies investigated how (+)-methamphetamine (METH) dose and rat sex affect the pharmacological response to METH in Sprague-Dawley rats. The first set of experiments determined the pharmacokinetics of METH and its pharmacologically active metabolite (+)-amphetamine (AMP) in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats after 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg METH doses. The(More)
Early environment can shape the development and function of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) system and represents a possible risk factor for adult pathologies. One critical variable in the early environment is nutrition, and exposure to high fat (HF) in adulthood is known to change this DA system. We tested whether perinatal HF intake in rats could have(More)
Two murine-derived anti-methamphetamine monoclonal antibodies were studied as potential pharmacokinetic antagonists of (+)-methamphetamine self-administration by rats. Intravenous administration of a 1 g/kg dose of the lower affinity [antibody equilibrium dissociation constant (K(d)) = 250 nM] monoclonal antibody (mAb) designated mAb6H8, 1 day before the(More)
These studies examined the role of (+)-methamphetamine ((+)METH) administration route on spontaneous behavioral activity vs. time relationships, and pharmacokinetic mechanisms for differences in effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per administration route) received saline and three doses (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg) of (+)METH in a mixed-sequence design by(More)
The goal of these studies was to determine if chronic (+)methamphetamine ((+)METH) administration affects the production of anti-(+)METH antibodies during active immunization of rats. Active immunization for the treatment of chronic drug abuse has been proposed for drugs such as cocaine and nicotine. However, studies have not adequately addressed whether(More)