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Cadmium stress response was measured at the thiol peptide level in an aquatic hyphomycete (Heliscus lugdunensis). In liquid culture, 0.1 mM cadmium increased the glutathione (GSH) content and induced the synthesis of additional thiol peptides. HPLC, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, and Edman degradation confirmed that a novel small metallothionein(More)
A HPLC-fluorescence method, using the fluorophore SBD-F (ammonium-7-fluorobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole-4-sulfonate), was adapted for the quantification of metallothioneins and their isoforms from the Moroccan mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis. The method was first optimized using a rabbit liver metallothionein. The effects of EDTA, tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine,(More)
A novel membrane proteinase of the nosocomial important bacteria species Bacillus cereus (synonyms: camelysin, CCMP) was purified up to homogeneity as was shown by mass spectrometry in its amphiphilic form. Camelysin is a neutral metalloprotease with a molecular mass of 19 kDa. Its unique N-terminus(More)
The effect of cadmium (Cd) on fungal growth, Cd bioaccumulation and biosorption, and on the formation of potential heavy metal response indicators such as thiols, oxalate, and laccase was investigated in the white rot fungi Cerrena unicolor andAbortiporus biennis. Only the highest Cd concentration employed (200 μM) inhibited growth of C. unicolor, whereas(More)
Beta-hemolytic streptococcal isolates have been examined by counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE) with group B antiserum to determine whether this techinque is of value in the rapid identification of group B strains. Ninety stock cultures and 100 clinical isolates of beta-hemolytic streptococci including representatives of groups A, D, C, G, and B were(More)
A counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE) technique which reacted positively with culture filtrates of Clostridium difficile was developed and compared with a cytotoxicity assay in human embryonic lung cell cultures. CIE, employing C. sordellii antitoxin, detected 17 of 17 C. difficile strains. Of those positive by CIE, 13 were cytotoxic in cell culture.(More)
Growth of three strains of Tetracladium marchalianum was inhibited by Cd-, and, to a lesser extent, by Cu-and Zn-chloride. In the presence of 50 μM Cd(II), all strains increased total thiol and glutathione production to 6, 11, and 21 μmoles · mg−1 dry mass, respectively. Cd(II) also induced the synthesis of one to several compounds reacting with(More)
A method for the enantioselective separation of all-E-astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione), an important colorant in the feed industry, was developed. Different chiral stationary phases (CSPs) such as Pirkle phases (R,R Ulmo and l-leucine), modified polysaccharides and a beta-cyclodextrin have been investigated on their separation(More)
In the course of a screening for phytochelatins in cadmium-exposed bryophytes in the terrestrial mosses Polytrichum formosum and Atrichum undulatum we detected compounds with absorption properties and retention times similar to phytochelatins when applying the commonly used standard method RP-HPLC and post-column derivatization with thiol-specific DTNB(More)
A membrane proteinase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, called insulin-cleaving membrane proteinase (ICMP), was located in the outer membrane leaflet of the cell envelope. The enzyme is expressed early in the logarithmic phase parallel to the bacterial growth during growth on peptide rich media. It is located with its active center facing to the outermost side(More)