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STUDY DESIGN A biomechanical analysis of soft-tissue restraints to passive motion in odontoid fractures. OBJECTIVE To quantify the role of the C1-C2 facet joint capsules and anterior longitudinal ligaments (ALLs) in the setting of a type II odontoid fracture in the elderly. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The odontoid process itself is the primary stabilizer(More)
BACKGROUND Unilateral cervical spine facet injuries encompass a wide spectrum, including subluxations, dislocations, and fractures, and the instability produced varies greatly. The extent of anatomical disruption secondary to a unilateral facet injury is poorly understood, and few biomechanical studies have quantified the associated kinematics. The purpose(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Unilateral facet disruptions are relatively common in the cervical spine; however, the spectrum of injury is large, and little is known regarding the magnitude of instability expected to be present in an isolated posterior osteoligamentous injury. PURPOSE To quantify the contribution of the posterior osteoligamentous structures to(More)
STUDY DESIGN The loosening rates of two monocortical pedicle screw designs (hollow and solid) were compared in a cadaveric sacrum model subjected to cyclic loading. OBJECTIVE To determine if a hollow screw would be more resistant to loosening than a solid pedicle screw when placed into the pedicles of S1 and tested under stair-cased cyclic loading. (More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with plating (ACDFP) is commonly used for the treatment of distractive-flexion cervical spine injuries. Despite the prevalence of ACDFP, there is little biomechanical evidence for graft height selection in the unstable trauma scenario. PURPOSE This study aimed to investigate whether changes in(More)
STUDY DESIGN A calcium triglyceride bone cement (CTBC) was compared with the gold-standard polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to assess the stability of augmented sacral screw fixation under cyclic loading. OBJECTIVE To determine whether CTBC augmentation of a pedicle screw would provide a similar level of fixation in the S1 pedicles compared with PMMA(More)
OBJECTIVES This biomechanical study compared Vancouver B1 periprosthetic femur fractures fixed with either a locking plate and anterior allograft strut construct or an equivalent locking plate with locking attachment plates construct in paired cadaveric specimens. METHODS After 9 pairs of cadaveric femora were implanted with a cemented primary total hip(More)
BACKGROUND Impulse loading of the lower leg during events such as ejection seat landings or in-vehicle land mine blasts may result in devastating injuries. These impacts achieve higher forces over shorter durations than car crashes, from which experimental results have formed the current basis for protective measures of an axial force limit of 5.4 kN, as(More)
In biomechanical studies examining joint kinematics the most common measurement is range of motion (ROM), yet other techniques, such as the finite helical axis (FHA), may elucidate the changes in the 3D motion pathology more effectively. One of the deficiencies with the FHA technique is in quantifying the axes generated throughout a motion sequence. This(More)
This biomechanical study compared the stability of four different ramus fracture fixation methods for Type C pelvic ring injuries in the absence of posterior fixation. A 5-mm vertical osteotomy of the mid-superior and inferior pubic ramus was created in 12 synthetic pelvic models. Four surgical constructs were compared: (1) two-pin AIIS external fixation,(More)