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Because of the recent development of three-dimensional technology, computer software is increasingly being used for diagnosis, analysis, data documentation, and surgical planning for orthognathic surgery. Currently, the typical method to reposition jaws in the correct and planned location is based on the use of surgical splints, which have a quite high(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of prosthetically guided maxillofacial surgery in reconstructing the mandible with a free vascularized flap using custom-made bone plates and a surgical guide to cut the mandible and fibula. METHODS The surgical protocol was applied in a study group of seven consecutive(More)
A surgical guide is projected to aid the repositioning of the mandibular segments in their original locations, and a reconstruction bone plate is provided to support the fibula free flap. Computer-aided mandibular reconstruction involves three steps: virtual surgical planning, CAD/CAM and rapid-prototyping procedures for the design and manufacture of the(More)
This paper describes a new protocol for mandibular reconstruction. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology was used to manufacture custom-made cutting guides for tumor ablation and reconstructive plates to support fibula free flaps. CT scan data from a patient with an odontogenic keratocyst on the left mandibular ramus were(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of oromandibular reconstruction following a partially or fully extended resection is to recreate the normal morphology with a mandibular profile as similar as possible to the original and to restore oral function. Oromandibular reconstruction can be performed with fibula osteocutaneous free flaps combined with the preplating technique.(More)
BACKGROUND Modern techniques for mandibular reconstruction, such as CAD-CAM, offer new solutions for planning of reconstructive surgery in relation to the aesthetic outcome and the prosthetic rehabilitation. METHODS CAD-CAM reconstruction procedures using vascularised bone free-flap transfers and surgical guides to cut the mandible and fibula were(More)
Modern techniques of mandibular reconstruction, such as CAD-CAM technology and rapid prototyping, offer new means by which reconstructive surgery can be planned to optimise aesthetic outcomes and prosthetic rehabilitation. The high degree of accuracy afforded by these approaches is principally attributable to high-precision fibular sectioning and insertion(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to develop a computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technique that enabled fabrication of surgical cutting guides and titanium fixation plates that would allow the upper maxilla to be repositioned correctly without a surgical splint in orthognathic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten(More)
A test of the accuracy in transferring the virtual data into the surgical environment was carried out. Differences between the virtually planned and the actual position during surgery of the rapid prototyped guides and the bone plates were investigated. The accuracy of the method was evaluated in terms of the precision of cuts in the mandible, the final(More)