Learn More
A transplantable hepatocarcinoma of guinea pigs was used as an experimental model for immunotherapy of cancer. Earlier work showed that complete regression of 6- to 7-day-old tumors could be obtained in about 60% of cases by inoculation of the tumors with live BCG or certain fractions of BCG attached to minute oil droplets and suspended in Tween-saline. One(More)
Domoic acid, a structural analogue of kainic acid, has been identified as the toxin that poisoned people who consumed contaminated blue mussels harvested from eastern Prince Edward Island in December of 1987. To investigate the pharmacology of domoic acid in vivo we injected groups of mice with serial dilutions of extracts of contaminated mussels and(More)
The effect of systemic administration of domoic acid, a potent structural analogue of kainic acid, on the mouse hippocampus has been studied using light and electron microscopic techniques. Intraperitoneal injections of either domoic acid (4 mg/kg) or kainic acid (32 mg/kg) produced a series of behavioural changes including sedation, rigidity, stereotypy(More)
Cumulative behavioural toxicity was measured in groups of male and female rat pups (n=6/sex) at different stages of postnatal development. Dose-response curves (DRCs) for toxicity produced by domoic acid (DOM) were generated using animals on postnatal days (PND) 0, 5, 14, and 22, using a behavioural rating scale. In a subsequent experiment, DRCs for(More)
Our objective was to characterize the neurotoxic actions of systemically administered domoic acid on different excitatory amino acid receptors, and to compare the receptor selectivity of domoate with the related compound kainic acid. Groups of mice were injected with various ligands selective for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and(More)
The structure and metal-binding properties of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from heptoseless mutants of Escherichia coli were studied by 13C and 31P NMR techniques. Carbon-13 NMR spectra were used to determine the linkages and configurations of the saccharide backbone and the types and locations of fatty acyl groups in E. coli LPS. Resonance assignments for(More)
Factors contributing to protection against experimental tuberculosis have been studied with refined and well characterized fractions from mycobacteria and with certain unrelated antigens. Mice were vaccinated intravenously with various combinations of materials presented on minute oil droplets in saline emulsions and were later challenged by aerosol. The(More)
Structural components of microorganisms have been studied for immunopotentiating effect with the aid of transplantable (line 10) tumors in syngeneic guinea pigs. Microbial components were associated with oil droplets, suspended in Tween-saline, and injected intralesionally. BCG cell walls, given in this way, produced regression and cure of 50-60% of(More)
We have examined the behavioural neurotoxicity of domoic acid (DOM) and kainic acid (KA) in mice following administration of ligands active at the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Groups of female CD-1 mice (n=4) were injected i.p. with saline or one of three doses of either DOM or KA. Doses of DOM and KA were selected from the steep portion of the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) isolated from Escherichia coli D31m4, a heptoseless mutant, was studied by 13C and 31P NMR spectroscopy. Modified isolation and purification procedures are described which permitted high resolution NMR spectra to be obtained from samples of intact LPS. 31P NMR was used to monitor the purity and native heterogeneity of LPS samples.(More)