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At pH 5.0, the electrical potential (delta psi, interior negative) across the plasma membrane of Staphylococcus aureus exhibits a minimum of -85 to -90 mV; the pH gradient (delta pH, interior alkaline) across the membrane approximates a maximum of about -100 mV. Under these conditions, uptake of the aminoglycoside gentamicin is negligible, and viability of(More)
The electrical potential (delta psi) across the cytoplasmic membranes of Staphylococcus aureus cells growing under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was determined by measuring the equilibrium distribution of [3H]tetraphenyl phosphonium. In conjunction, gentamicin uptake and killing were studied in the same cells under identical conditions. Under aerobic(More)
According to a number of theories subjective contours arise from brightness contrast and/or assimilation. The apparent brightness gradients generated by these effects are assumed to give rise to the perception of contours delineating the gradients. A study is reported in which naive observers were shown a subjective contour display and asked to report what(More)
Mediterranean spotted fever is common in southern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, but is unknown in the United States. It has a clinical picture resembling Rocky Mountain spotted fever, but it is a milder disease. We report a case of Mediterranean spotted fever in a young American woman returning from Morocco and review the clinical picture of(More)
Gestational choriocarcinoma is a rare, aggressive cancer of post-partum women. It metastasizes rapidly and can initially appear with involvement of the gastrointestinal, respiratory, genitourinary, or central nervous systems. Some reported cases show only metastatic foci with apparent spontaneous resolution of the primary site. We present two cases of(More)
Granulomatous infections of the genitourinary tract are rare, especially those caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria. A case of prostatitis due to Mycobacterium avium complex in an immunocompetent man is reported. The patient had sterile pyuria, and a Mantoux skin test, using 5 tuberculin units, was positive (induration, 10 mm in diameter). Pathologic(More)
A case is presented of a 23-year-old athletic male student who developed right knee pain after a weekend of strenuous activity. The patient failed to respond to conservative measures; pain increased and within 24 hours he developed fever, chills and swelling of the involved knee. On admission to the hospital, the patient appeared toxic. Efforts to establish(More)
Hematogenous osteomyelitis is usually diagnosed by an abnormal technetium Tc 99m diphosphonate bone scan in symptomatic patients who have positive blood cultures. False-normal 99mTc bone scans have been described recently in neonates with biopsy-proved osteomyelitis. This phenomenon seems to be extremely rare in adults. Two elderly patients with(More)
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