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Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase from Escherichia coli catalyzes the synthesis of carbamoyl phosphate from bicarbonate, ammonia, and two molecules of MgATP. The enzyme is composed of two nonidentical subunits. The small subunit catalyzes the hydrolysis of glutamine to glutamate and ammonia. The large subunit catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate and(More)
The reactive cysteine residue within the small subunit of Escherichia coli carbamoyl phosphate synthetase has been identified using the technique of site-directed mutagenesis. Three cysteine residues have previously been found to react with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) under controlled reaction conditions. Two of these cysteine residues are found on the large(More)
Three conserved histidine residues, His-243, His-781, and His-788, located within the large subunit of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase from Escherichia coli were identified by sequence identity comparisons. These three histidine residues were individually mutated to asparagine residues. The H243N mutant enzyme was found to be critical for carbamoyl phosphate(More)
The structural and functional domains of Escherichia coli carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) have been identified by limited proteolysis. Incubation of CPS with several proteases, including trypsin, chymotrypsin, subtilisin and endoproteinase Asp-N, under native conditions, causes a time-dependent loss of enzymatic activity and the generation of a common(More)
Akaraet--The structural and functional domains of Escherichia coil carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) have been identified by limited proteolysis. Incubation of CPS with several proteases, including trypsin, chymotrypsin, subtilisin and endoproteinase Asp-N, under native conditions, causes a time-dependent loss of enzymatic activity and the generation of(More)
Carbamoyl Phosphate synthetase catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate, a high-energy intermediate used in several biosynthetic pathways. The enzyme from Escherichia coli has been crystallized at pH 8 in the presence of L-ornithine, MnCl(2) and ADP, using PEG 8000 in combination with NEt(4)Cl and KCl. The crystals (apparently) belong to the(More)
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