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The hydrolytic degradation of poly(DL-lactide) (PLA50) material was investigated in order to elucidate the effects of temperature and acidity of the external medium on the degradation characteristics. It was observed that at 60 degrees C and at pH = 7.4, degradation was extremely rapid as compared with degradation at 37 degrees C. After only 2 days,(More)
An Aerodyne High Resolution Time-of-Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS) was deployed at the peak of Whistler Mountain (2182 m above sea level), British Columbia, from 19 April to 16 May 2006, as part of the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) campaign. The mass concentrations and size distributions of non-refractory(More)
The Whistler Aerosol and Cloud Study (WACS 2010), included intensive measurements of trace gases and particles at two sites on Whistler Mountain. Between 6–11 July 2010 there was a sustained high-pressure system over the region with cloud-free conditions and the highest temperatures of the study. During this period, the organic aerosol concentrations rose(More)
PCL/PEO copolymers with different compositions were obtained from ring opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone in the presence of ethylene oxide and characterized by various analytical techniques. Data collected from DSC and X-ray diffractometry suggested that the copolymer chains possess a blocky structure, leading to both PCL and PEO-type(More)
R. E. Schwartz1, L. M. Russell1, S. J. Sjostedt2, A. Vlasenko2,3, J. G. Slowik2, J. P. D. Abbatt2, A. M. Macdonald3, S. M. Li3, J. Liggio3, D. Toom-Sauntry3, and W. R. Leaitch3 1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA 2University of Toronto, Department of Chemistry, Toronto, ON, Canada 3Environment(More)
This paper presents the results of laboratory studies on the condensational uptake of gaseous organic compounds in the exhaust of a light-duty gasoline engine onto preexisting sulfate and nitrate seed particles. Significant condensation of the gaseous organic compounds in the exhaust occurs onto these inorganic particles on a time scale of 2– 5 min. The(More)
Motivated by the potential for reactive heterogeneous chemistry occurring at the ocean surface, gas-phase products were observed when a reactive sea surface microlayer (SML) component, i.e. the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) linoleic acid (LA), was exposed to gas-phase ozone at the air–seawater interface. Similar oxidation experiments were conducted(More)
High time-resolved aircraft data, concurrent surface measurements and air quality model simulations were explored to diagnose the processes influencing aerosol chemistry under the influence of lake-breeze circulations in a polluted region of southwestern Ontario, Canada. The analysis was based upon horizontal aircraft transects conducted at multiple(More)
M. Ablikim, J. Z. Bai, Y. Ban, J. G. Bian, X. Cai, H. F. Chen, H. S. Chen, H. X. Chen, J. C. Chen, Jin Chen, Y. B. Chen, S. P. Chi, Y. P. Chu, X. Z. Cui, Y. S. Dai, L. Y. Diao, Z. Y. Deng, Q. F. Dong, S. X. Du, J. Fang, S. S. Fang, C. D. Fu, C. S. Gao, Y. N. Gao, S. D. Gu, Y. T. Gu, Y. N. Guo, Y. Q. Guo, Z. J. Guo, F. A. Harris, K. L. He, M. He, Y. K. Heng,(More)