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Calcium influx through N-type calcium channels mediates synaptic transmission at numerous central synapses and transduces nociceptive information in the spinal dorsal horn. However, the precise role of N-type calcium channels in pain perception is not fully elucidated. To address this issue, we generated and analyzed knockout mice for alpha(1B,) the(More)
We have investigated the effect of capsaicin on Ca(2+) release from the intracellular calcium stores. Intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) was measured in rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons using microfluorimetry with fura-2 indicator. Brief application of capsaicin (1 microM) elevated [Ca(2+)](i) in Ca(2+)-free solution. Capsaicin-induced(More)
A galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) prebiotic was prepared by reacting a high concentration of lactose (40% wt/vol) with a beta-galactosidase enzyme for 24 h at 37 degrees C. The enzyme was produced from recombinant Pichia pastoris X-33 cells. The study aimed at evaluating the effects of the prebiotic, a Bifidobacterium lactis-based probiotic, and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bethesda class III cytology is an important limitation of the US-FNA in assessing thyroid nodules. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic efficacy of US in evaluating thyroid nodules with Bethesda class III cytology. MATERIALS AND METHODS From January 2008 to December 2009, 1036 patients with 1289 thyroid nodules diagnosed by US(More)
AbstrAct Due, in part, to the unique structure of the tooth, dental pain is initiated via distinct mechanisms. Here we review recent advances in our understanding of inflammatory tooth pain and discuss 3 hypotheses proposed to explain dentinal hyper-sensitivity: The first hypothesis, supported by functional expression of temperature-sensitive transient(More)
Two new cell cultures from flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck & Schlegel), flounder fin (FFN) cells from fin tissue and flounder spleen (FSP) cells from spleen tissue, were established and characterized. The cells multiplied well in Eagle's minimum essential medium, supplemented with 10% foetal bovine serum, and have been subcultured more than 100(More)
UNLABELLED Peripheral inflammation produces pain hypersensitivity by sensitizing nociceptors. Potentiation of P2X3 receptor activity in nociceptors may play an important role in this peripheral sensitization. However, we do not fully understand how P2X3 activity is elevated in inflammation. Thus, we investigated whether P2X3 activity in trigeminal(More)
Selective blockade of nociceptive neurons can be achieved by the delivery of permanently charged sodium channel blockers through the pores of nociceptive ion channels. To assess the feasibility of this application in the dental area, we investigated the electrophysiological and neurochemical characteristics of nociceptive dental primary afferent (DPA)(More)
Eugenol is a bioactive plant extract used as an analgesic agent in dentistry. The structural similarity of eugenol to cinnamaldehyde, an active ligand for transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), suggests that eugenol might produce its effect via TRPA1, in addition to TRPV1 as we reported previously. In this study, we investigated the effect of(More)
Si, Mg-substituted hydroxyapatites, alone and co-substituted, have been prepared to obtain biomaterials having an improved biocompatibility. From FT-IR, XRD and ICP analyses, it was confirmed that single phases of hydroxyapatite substituted by Si alone or co-substituted by Si, Mg. The XRD data indicated the absence of extra phases related to silicon and(More)