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We have recently identified nc886 (pre-miR-886 or vtRNA2-1) as a novel type of non-coding RNA that inhibits activation of protein kinase R (PKR). PKR's pro-apoptotic role through eukaryotic initiation factor 2 α (eIF2α) phosphorylation is well established in the host defense against viral infection. Paradoxically, some cancer patients have elevated PKR(More)
Among 5938 clinical Shigella spp. isolates, two S. flexneri strains were isolated as those resistant to fluoroquinolones based on the MICs of the following antibiotics: ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, sparfloxacin and levofloxacin. S. flexneri 021787 had three substitutions, one in GyrA (Ser83Leu) and two in ParC (Ser80Ile and Arg91Gln). S. flexneri(More)
Field rodents and chigger mites were collected at 30 locations in Korea in October and November 1997-1999 to determine the serotypes of Orientia tsutsugamushi and their geographical distribution. A nested polymerase chain reaction was performed with the spleen tissues from 546 field-striped mice (Apodemus agrarius) and 104 pools of chigger mites. The(More)
To determine the pathogenicity of Acanthamoeba spp. isolated in Korea and to develop a isoenzymatic maker, the mortality rate of infected mice, in vitro cytotoxicity against target cells and isoenzyme band patterns were observed. Five isolates of Acanthamoeba spp. (YM-2, YM-3, YM-4, YM-5, and YM-7) were used in this study as well as three reference(More)
The somatic cell count (SCC) is one of the international standards for monitoring milk quality, and it is a useful indicator of mastitis. The current reference method for determining the SCC in raw milk is direct microscopic analysis, but this method requires well-trained staff to maintain its accuracy and reproducibility. To overcome these inconveniences,(More)
The expression and role of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord was evaluated in the lumbar 5 ventral rhizotomy (L5 VR) model of neuropathic pain. MCP-1 protein expression in the L4/L5 DRG neurons following L5 VR peaked after 3 days, and then declined. Immunohistochemistry showed that no MCP-1(More)
One notable phenotypic change during the differentiation of immature thymocytes into either mature CD4 or CD8 single-positive lineages is the acquisition of a resistance to glucocorticoid (GC)-induced apoptosis. We have previously reported that SRG3 is critical in determining the sensitivity for the GC-induced apoptosis in developing thymocytes. We report(More)
AIM Digoxin possesses a narrow therapeutic index and shows a large inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability. The purpose of this study was to develop a population model for the pharmacokinetics of digoxin in Korean patients. METHODS Plasma concentrations of digoxin after multiple administration at varying dosing schedules in Korean patients were used for(More)
The serine/threonine kinase Akt is frequently activated in human cancers and is considered an attractive therapeutic target. However, the relative contributions of the different Akt isoforms to tumorigenesis, and the effect of their deficiencies on cancer development are not well understood. We had previously shown that Akt1 deficiency is sufficient to(More)
During the period of 1933-1994, house dusts were collected from 65 homes at 10 different localities by operating electric vacuum cleaners. House dust mites were isolated from 10 g dust by applying the modified wet sieving method. Total 7,257 mites were collected and 23 species were identified. Among them. Dermatophagoides farinae (DF) was predominant (65.3%(More)