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Increases in intracellular calcium and subsequent activation of calcium-activated proteases (e.g., calpains) may play a critical role in central nervous system injury. Several studies have implicated calpain activation following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study evaluated the effect of a calpain inhibitor administration following SAH in the rat on(More)
Glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity has been shown to contribute to cellular dysfunction following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Increasing inhibitory function through stimulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A)) receptors may attenuate excitotoxic effects and improve outcome. The present experiment examined the effects of diazepam, a positive modulator(More)
Primary septo-hippocampal cell cultures were incubated in varying concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha; 0.3-500 ng/ml) to examine proteolysis of the cytoskeletal protein alpha-spectrin (240 kDa) to a signature 145 kDa fragment by calpain and to the apoptotic-linked 120-kDa fragment by caspase-3. The effects of TNF-alpha incubation on(More)
Nefiracetam, a pyrrolidone derivative, is a nootropic agent that has facilitated cognitive function in a wide variety of animal models of cognitive dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the chronic postinjury administration of nefiracetam (DM-9384) in improving cognitive performance following central fluid percussion(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that lesions of the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) would reduce the cardiovascular responses to acute stress in a rodent model that is genetically predisposed toward hypertension. Male borderline hypertensive rats (BHR) were given bilateral electrolytic lesions directed to destroy the CeA or were subjected to a(More)
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