S M Chaĭkovskaia

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The effect of various agar grades on the size and margin character of the inhibition growth zones in assay of antibiotic activity by the agar diffusion method was studied. It was shown that not all the agar grades could be used in antibiotic activity assay. Depending on the agar type the size of the inhibition growth zones produced by the same antibiotic(More)
The efficiency of determining microbial contamination of artificially infected preparations of 8 antibiotics in ampoules and bottles and erythromycin eye ointment with the use of apparatus "Steritest" and "Millipore" was compared. It was found that "Steritest" had a number of advantages as compared to "Millipore" because of elimination of operations for(More)
A biological method was used in addition to the chemical methods of identification in the screening programme of new antibiotics. The method consists of evaluation of the effect of the crude antibiotic preparations on microbial forms resistant to various antibiotics. The efficiency of the biological method is shown. It provides more complete and rapid(More)
The increasing role of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms in etiology of bacterial infections and the increased number of the antibiotics used for the treatment of patients with purulent infections require a rational approach to the choice of the optimal drug. Antibiotic sensitivity of the causative agents of bacterial infections is considered at present(More)
Interaction of benzylpenicillin inactivation by beta-lactamase and the growth of E. coli in the presence of various antibiotic concentrations was studied. It was found that penicillin inactivation began immediately after addition of the culture to the medium in spite of the fact that the number of the viable cells at that time decreased. The culture began(More)
Five nutrient media used for determination of microbial sensitivity to antibiotics, i.e. beaf-peptone agar, Hottinger pancreatic beaf infusion agar, sprat hydrolysate nutrient agar of the Dagestan Research Institute of Nutrient Media, Muller-Chintone agar from Bulgaria and "Oxoid" agar for determination of microbial sensitivity were studied comparatively.(More)