S. M. Ashrafi

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There is a quest to find a method to remove diseased and healthy dental hard tissues without the negative stimuli associated with dental handpieces. Today, lasers are being considered as a potential replacement. This report evaluates effects of three lasers on dentin and pulpal tissues. The Er:YAG laser appears to have a lesser thermal effect.
This paper introduces Melody Search Algorithm which is an innovative optimization algorithm, inspired by basic concepts applied in Harmony Search algorithm. The new algorithm mimics performance processes of the group improvisation for finding the best succession of pitches in a melody. Utilizing different player memories and their interactive process, makes(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t Melody Search (MS) Algorithm as an innovative improved version of(More)
Cereal cyst nematodes (CCNs) can cause significant economic yield losses alone or in combination with other biotic and abiotic factors. The damage caused by these nematodes can be enormous when they occur in a disease complex, particularly in areas subject to water stress. Of the 12 valid CCN species, Heterodera avenae, H. filipjevi, and H. latipons are(More)
Meloidoderita salinasp. n. is described and illustrated from the halophytic plant Atriplex portulacoides L. (sea purslane) growing in a micro-tidal salt marsh in the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay in France. This new species is the first member of Meloidoderita Poghossian, 1966 collected from a saline environment, and is characterized by the following features:(More)
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