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Antarctic environments can sustain a great diversity of well-adapted microorganisms known as psychrophiles or psychrotrophs. The potential of these microorganisms as a resource of enzymes able to maintain their activity and stability at low temperature for technological applications has stimulated interest in exploration and isolation of microbes from this(More)
Isolates with conidial morphologies corresponding to botryosphaeriaceous species were obtained from adult grapevines (Vitis vinifera) showing symptoms of die-back and esca in vineyards from all grape-growing regions of Uruguay and also from canes of asymptomatic mother plants in a commercial nursery. The morphological description of some of the anamorphs(More)
Black foot disease of grapevines is a problem in most grape-producing regions of the world. This disease affects both young and mature plants, which show retarded growth and eventually die. Species of Cylindrocarpon have been identified as the causal agent of this disease. Fungal isolates were obtained from roots of symptomatic plants and plantlets from(More)
The main goal of this work was to detect whether Cytospora chrysosperma and Fusicoccum eucalypti are present as endophytes of symptomless hypocotyls, cotyledons, flowers, capsules, peduncles of flowers in order to interpret an earlier finding of their presence in seeds, seedling stems and twigs of E. globulus. Segments from these organs as well as from bark(More)
This is the first report of Greeneria uvicola isolated from grapevines (Vitis vinifera) showing symptoms of dead-arm dieback and from asymptomatic canes in Uruguay. Greeneria uvicola was identified by morphological characteristics and sequence analysis of the partial LSU DNA. Pathogenicity of isolates from both sources was determined by inoculation of(More)
The surface coverage of certain dry fermented sausages such as Italian salami by some species of Penicillium provides their characteristic flavor and other beneficial properties. One of them is the protective effect by means of a uniform film of white mold against undesirable microorganisms. The aim of this work was to identify and to isolate the fungal(More)
Cytospora eucalypticola has been frequently associated with twig and stem cankers and as endophyte of Eucalyptus globulus and E. grandis in Uruguay. Mycelium discs of two C. eucalypticola isolates obtained from actively growing colonies were inoculated, both superficially and on experimentally wounded stems of E. globulus and E. grandis. No inoculated and(More)
Apple, pear and peach orchards are usually planted in close proximity, and they might share pathogenic fungal species affecting different plant organs. In particular, species of Botryosphaeriaceae have been indicated as responsible for wood diseases in these fruit species. Symptoms frequently observed in Uruguay include papyraceous cankers in apple trunks,(More)