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OBJECTIVE Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes have been extensively studied in uterine cervix squamous cell carcinoma and HPV16 variants have been found to be associated with increased cancer risk, but few reports have been published on genotype distribution and HPV16 variant prevalence in adenocarcinoma tumors. The objective of this study was to analyze(More)
Overexpression of Cripto-1 (CR-1) in FVB/N mice using the MMTV-LTR promoter results in increased mammary tumourigenesis in these female transgenic mice (MMTV-CR-1). Here, we characterize uterine tumours that developed in 15/76 (19.7%) of MMTV-CR-1 female nulliparous or multiparous mice during 24 months of observation compared with 0/33 (0%) of FVB/N normal(More)
fra-1 gene overexpression has been shown to represent a general event in thyroid cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, inhibition of FRA-1 protein synthesis by stable transfection with a fra-1 antisense construct significantly reduces the malignant phenotype of the transformed thyroid cells, indicating a pivotal role of the fra-1 gene product(More)
In Italy, an attenuated Bacillus anthracis strain, named 'Carbosap', is used for immunization against ovine and bovine anthrax. Analysis on 'Carbosap', Sterne vaccine strain F34 and Pasteur vaccine strain SS104, were performed using primers specific for the sequences, encoding the toxic factors, located on plasmids pXO1 and pXO2 and primers specific for the(More)
Recent interest in anthrax is due to its potential use in bioterrorism and as a biowarfare agent against civilian populations. The development of rapid and sensitive techniques to detect anthrax spores in suspicious specimens is the most important aim for public health. With a view to preventing exposure of laboratory workers to viable Bacillus anthracis(More)
BACKGROUND The increased survival due to the introduction of effective antineoplastic regimens has caused a modification of the natural history of numerous malignancies. Follow-up of neoplastic patients often includes the evaluation of masses in various body sites by fine needle cytology (FNC) in order to rule out cancer recurrence. Besides primary(More)
Systemic chemotherapy can be complicated by colonic toxicity, which usually determines the onset of pseudomembranous colitis and, rarely, of ischemic colitis in patients with cancer. This report describes the case of a 49-year-old woman with liver metastases from a neuroendocrine tumor of unknown origin who developed mild ischemic colitis after chemotherapy(More)
Granular cell tumors are uncommon, usually benign tumors that can be located anywhere in the body. They commonly occur in the oral cavity and in subcutaneous tissue. In the gastrointestinal tract, granular cell tumors are uncommon and are quite rare in the colon. To date, 55 patients diagnosed with granular cell tumors of the colon have been reported in the(More)
We describe a solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the breast in a 37-year-old woman. No other involvement was detected in the bone marrow or in any other site during a 15-month follow-up period. Extramedullary plasmacytomas of the breast are extremely rare, especially those that are not associated with multiple myeloma. We review the histologic features(More)
A majority of human breast carcinomas co-express the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like peptides CRIPTO (CR), amphiregulin (AR) and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha). MDA-MB-468 breast carcinoma cells express CR, AR and TGFalpha, while SK-BR-3 cells express CR and TGF-alpha. Anti-sense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (AS S-oligos) directed(More)