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PURPOSE This manuscript reviews and discusses results from randomised clinical studies evaluating topoisomerase II alpha (topo II) as a marker predicting anthracyclines' activity in early breast cancer patients. METHODS A Medline search has led to the identification of six phase III clinical trials, in which topo II has been retrospectively evaluated as a(More)
Taxanes are very effective agents in several types of cancer. However, their activity is counterbalanced by side effects that could represent a limitation of their use in older cancer patients. This review aims at evaluating whether or not there are data supporting a tailored use of standard taxanes i.e. docetaxel and paclitaxel in elderly patients with the(More)
Aromatase inhibitors and inactivators (AIs) have been/are being widely investigated as an alternative to tamoxifen in the treatment of postmenopausal breast cancer patients. In this paper we have reviewed data from phase III studies to define the role of AIs versus tamoxifen as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer, as primary therapy(More)
Large adjuvant trials, over many years, have randomised thousands of women with early breast cancer to different regimens. They have been instrumental in defining our current approach in the adjuvant setting. However in clinical practice with each patient, we still have the difficulty of targeting their specific therapy, as results relating to the average(More)
BACKGROUND Capecitabine is an oral fluoropyrimidine that is shown to have similar efficacy to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) when used both alone and in combination with oxaliplatin in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). Capecitabine and irinotecan combinations (XELIRI) have been developed for the treatment of this disease but randomized comparisons with(More)
It is largely known that clinical activity of a given cytotoxic agent may vary between different patients. This suggests that breast cancer sub-types can be identified within the endocrine-resistant cohort, each of them with a specific degree of sensitivity to different cytotoxic drugs. Pre-clinical and early clinical data suggest that in the future some(More)
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