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1. Rhombencephalic and mesencephalic structures involved in electroreception were investigated by electrophysiological methods in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. 2. The existence of a synchronous response to electric field stimulation of the fish in the mesencephalic exterolateral nucleus (n.ext.-lat.mes) with 2.5-3 ms latency was confirmed.(More)
The motoneurons which innervate the mormyrid electric organ are driven by a descending volley from the medullary relay nucleus. This nucleus does not initiate the electric organ discharge (EOD) but is driven in an obligatory manner by another center, a command nucleus. One goal of the present study was to identify this command nucleus anatomically. A second(More)
The rhombencephalic posterior lateral line lobe nucleus (nLLL) and its connections were investigated in the mormyrid fish Gnathonemus petersii, at light and electron microscopical levels using HRP tracing. The nLLL, constituted on each side of about 1500 large, round shaped, adendritic cells, is located in the intermediate cell and fibre layer exclusively,(More)
Using retrograde horseradish peroxidase (HRP) axonal transport direct rhombo-mesencephalic connections were revealed in Gnathonemus petersii. By HRP injection in the neuropil of the extrolateral mesencephalic ganglion the neurons of the lateral line lobe nucleus were labeled. The pathway is mainly composed of crossed fibers.
By horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labelling the course and origin of the II-X cranial nerves are identified in the teleost fish Gnathonemus petersii. Roots as well as motor and sensory nuclei in the viscero- and somatomotor and somatosensory areas are localised. Earlier data of comparative and experimental anatomical observations are completed, partly(More)
The optic nerve and the retinal projections were studied in a mormyrid fish, Gnathonemus petersii, by using Fink-Heimer, HRP, cobalt labeling, and autoradiographic tracing techniques. The retinal fibers terminate bilaterally in the following places: suprachiasmatic nucleus, dorsolateral optic nucleus, optic nucleus of the posterior commissure, cortical(More)
The peripheral and central aspects of the extraocular system were studied in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. All six extraocular muscles show a similar composition of large and small fibers grouped characteristically in the proximal and distal regions respectively. The exit of the three extraocular nerves from the brain is similar to that in(More)
The medullary relay nucleus of the mormyrid weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii is a stage in the command pathway for the electric organ discharge. It receives input from the presumed command or pacemaker nucleus and projects to the electromotoneurons in the spinal cord. Its fine structure and synaptology were investigated by electron microscopy. The(More)