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The motoneurons which innervate the mormyrid electric organ are driven by a descending volley from the medullary relay nucleus. This nucleus does not initiate the electric organ discharge (EOD) but is driven in an obligatory manner by another center, a command nucleus. One goal of the present study was to identify this command nucleus anatomically. A second(More)
The medullary relay nucleus of the mormyrid weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii is a stage in the command pathway for the electric organ discharge. It receives input from the presumed command or pacemaker nucleus and projects to the electromotoneurons in the spinal cord. Its fine structure and synaptology were investigated by electron microscopy. The(More)
The tuberous organs-cutaneous electroreceptors of the mormyrid fish Brienomyrus niger-were examined, with the light and electron microscope, after sectioning of the afferent nerve of the lateral line. Transection of the afferent nerve leads to the concomitant complete degeneration of all sensory cells, and to a differentiation of new sensory cells from(More)
The rhombencephalic posterior lateral line lobe nucleus (nLLL) and its connections were investigated in the mormyrid fish Gnathonemus petersii, at light and electron microscopical levels using HRP tracing. The nLLL, constituted on each side of about 1500 large, round shaped, adendritic cells, is located in the intermediate cell and fibre layer exclusively,(More)
1. Rhombencephalic and mesencephalic structures involved in electroreception were investigated by electrophysiological methods in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. 2. The existence of a synchronous response to electric field stimulation of the fish in the mesencephalic exterolateral nucleus (n.ext.-lat.mes) with 2.5-3 ms latency was confirmed.(More)
Two types of neurons were identified by light and electron microscopy in the spinal cord of Gymnarchus niloticus following HRP injections at different peripheral sites: one, situated in the mediodorsal region, is labelled after injection into the electric organ; the other, situated in the lateroventral region, is labelled in addition after injections(More)
Long ascending fiber systems were investigated in the spinal cord of a teleost fish, Gnathonemus petersii. Concomitant results of Fink-Heimer degeneration tracing as well as CaBP28K immunohistochemical labelling demonstrate the existence of a well defined direct pathway from the very lowest spinal level to the caudal lobe of the cerebellum. HRP retrograde(More)
The peripheral and central aspects of the extraocular system were studied in the weakly electric fish Gnathonemus petersii. All six extraocular muscles show a similar composition of large and small fibers grouped characteristically in the proximal and distal regions respectively. The exit of the three extraocular nerves from the brain is similar to that in(More)
A compound action potential of short latency was recorded from the ganglion mesencephali extrolaterale in response to both the fish's own electric organ discharge and electric stimulation of the whole fish or a branch of the posterior lateral line nerve. The time difference between the response in the nerve, 16 mm from its entry into the brain, and the(More)