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Inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase C is the enzyme that generates phosphoinositide-derived messenger molecules. Mammalian cells contain at least five immunologically distinct phospholipase C enzymes that appear to be separate gene products. Complete amino acid sequences of four of these isozymes have been established. The overall sequence(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the validity of the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in young children. Moreover, the results of the DSM-IV field trials raised concerns that inclusion of the new predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD in DSM-IV might increase the likelihood of the diagnosis being given to active but(More)
Capsaicin (CAP)-activated ion channel plays a key role in generating nociceptive neural signals in sensory neurons. Here we present evidence that intracellular ATP upregulates the activity of capsaicin receptor channel. In inside-out membrane patches isolated from sensory neurons, application of CAP activated a nonselective cation channel (i(cap)). Further(More)
We investigated the ability of a moderately intoxicating dose of alcohol (3 g/kg, injected i.p. 3 h earlier) to up-regulate the genetic expression of CRF receptor type 1 (CRF-R1) and 2 (CRF-R2alpha) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON) of the hypothalamus as well as in the amygdala. The mRNA encoding CRF-R1 was not(More)
We determined whether an initial alcohol challenge induced long-lasting changes in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Adult male rats received intragastric injections of the vehicle or a moderately intoxicating dose of alcohol (3.0 gm/kg) daily for 3 d. When animals were acutely challenged with alcohol 3-12 d later, their ACTH(More)
The present study compared the effect of different modes of alcohol administration on the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In a first series of studies, we investigated the influence of the intraperitoneal (ip) and intragastric (ig) effect of acutely administered alcohol. Over a 3-hr period, alcohol induced dose-related increases(More)
In male rats, lesions of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus attenuate, but do not abolish, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) secretion in response to acute alcohol injection. As the PVN is the major source of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the median eminence, this observation suggests that extra-PVN brain regions, and/or ACTH(More)
The CheY protein is the response regulator in bacterial chemotaxis. Phosphorylation of a conserved aspartyl residue induces structural changes that convert the protein from an inactive to an active state. The short half-life of the aspartyl-phosphate has precluded detailed structural analysis of the active protein. Persistent activation of Escherichia coli(More)
Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 account for the majority of familial breast cancers. Cells with mutated BRCA1 or BRCA2 are hypersensitive to ionizing radiation (IR) and exhibit defective DNA repair. Both BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been reported to bind Rad51, a protein essential for homologous recombination and the recombinational repair of DNA double-strand breaks.(More)
Alcohol (EtOH) treatment increases plasma ACTH levels in the rat, a response thought to depend at least partially on endogenous corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). However, the inability of CRF antibodies to completely abolish EtOH-induced activation of the pituitary has suggested the possible importance of other factors. Because vasopressin (VP) may be(More)