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Resting-state, low-frequency (<0.08 Hz) fluctuations of blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance signal have been shown to exhibit high correlation among functionally connected regions. However, correlations of cerebral blood flow (CBF) fluctuations during the resting state have not been extensively studied. The main challenges of using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In vivo detection of cortical lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) by MR imaging is hampered by several factors. Among them is the low contrast between small cortical lesions and surrounding cortical gray matter offered by present techniques. METHODS T1-weighted 3D spoiled gradient-recalled-echo (SPGR) volumes and 2D(More)
A variety of continuous and pulsed arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion MRI techniques have been demonstrated in recent years. One of the reasons these methods are still not routinely used is the limited extent of the imaging region. Of the ASL methods proposed to date, continuous ASL (CASL) with a separate labeling coil is particularly attractive for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several studies suggest that grey matter involvement may play a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at 3T was used to investigate the presence of damage to the normal-appearing thalamus in MS and its relationship with disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-four patients with(More)
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is an attractive alternative to BOLD fMRI. Nevertheless, current ASL fMRI techniques are limited by several factors that hamper more routine applications in humans. One of these factors is restricted brain coverage so that whole-brain ASL fMRI studies have never been(More)
The effect of magnetic resonance (MR) exposure on the proliferation and migration of motoneurons was examined in chick embryos. Embryos were exposed in ovo to a static magnetic field of 1.5 T for 6 hours and to 64-MHz radio-frequency field pulses and a switched magnetic field gradient with an amplitude of 0.6 G/cm for 4 hours. For cell proliferation(More)
BACKGROUND Major depressive disorder (MDD) has been associated with both dysfunction of the central serotonergic system and abnormal responses to emotional stimuli. We used acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) to investigate the effect of temporarily reducing brain serotonin synthesis on neural and behavioral responses to emotional stimuli in remitted MDD(More)
Flow-sensitive functional MRI (fMRI) was performed using steady-state arterial water labeling (SS-AWL). Arterial water labeling was accomplished by flow induced adiabatic fast passage. The signal intensity of the visual cortex in arterial water labeled images decreased by approximately 1.4% during visual stimulation of the brain. Acquisition of arterial(More)
Single-shot echo-planar imaging is the most common acquisition technique for whole-brain diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies in vivo. Higher field MRI systems are readily available and advantageous for acquiring DTI due to increased signal. One of the practical issues for DTI with single-shot echo-planar imaging at high-field is incomplete fat(More)
PURPOSE To obtain cerebral perfusion territories of the left, the right, and the posterior circulation in humans with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and robust delineation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) was implemented using a dedicated radio frequency (RF) coil, positioned over the neck, to label the major cerebral(More)