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BACKGROUND Hypersensitivity reactions consist of a variable group of clinical findings and have been described for a wide variety of chemical compounds. OBJECTIVE This review characterizes the clinical profile of hypersensitivity to the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor abacavir sulfate. METHODS We performed a retrospective medical review of(More)
Infection with Trypanosoma cruzi develops in three phases: acute, indeterminate or asymptomatic, and chronic phase (with cardiac or digestive manifestations). Moreover, transmission may occur from infected mothers to newborn, the so-called congenital form. In the present study, humoral responses against T. cruzi total extract and against the 13 amino acid(More)
An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for detecting IgM and IgG antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi in blood bank donors from endemic or nonendemic areas. A crude extract of trypomastigotes from cultures was used as antigen. A total of 494 serum samples from patients with acute, congenital, or chronic form of Chagas' disease, and from(More)
Abacavir (1592U89) is a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor that has been demonstrated to have selective activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in vitro and favorable safety profiles in mice and monkeys. A phase I study was conducted to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of abacavir following oral administration of single(More)
Formycin B 5'-monophosphate (Form B-MP) and allopurinol riboside 5'-monophosphate ( HPPR -MP) are isomers of IMP that are metabolically produced when Leishmania spp. are incubated with the antileishmanial agents formycin B and allopurinol or allopurinol riboside. The interactions of Form B-MP with succino -AMP synthetase and GMP reductase from both(More)
A workshop organized by the Ibero-American Project of Biotechnology evaluated the diagnostic potential of several cloned Trypanosoma cruzi recombinant antigens for Chagas' disease serodiagnosis. A set of recombinants, Antigen 2, Antigen 13, SAPA, H49, A13, JL5, JL7, JL8, JL9, and RA1 provided by three different South American laboratories were probed with a(More)
Certain purine analogs, the pyrazolopyrimidines, are effective chemotherapeutic agents against Leishmania spp. and Trypanosoma cruzi both in vitro and in some clinical models. Heretofore they have not been effective against the African trypanosomes; this suggested that these organisms were not comparable to the other pathogens with respect to their purine(More)
Strains of Trypanosoma cruzi differ in their susceptibilities to and metabolism of pyrazolopyrimidines. Allopurinol riboside can control but not eliminate infections with a sensitive strain in both tissue culture and mice. Formycin B, which proved to be greater than 10-fold more effective on a weight basis, showed a similar strain specificity but could(More)
Culture forms of Trypanosoma cruzi are incapable of synthesizing purines de novo from formate, glycine, or serine and require an exogenous purine for growth. Adenine, hypoxanthine, guanine, xanthine and their respective ribonucleosides are equal in their abilities to support growth. Radiolabeled purine bases, with the exception of guanine, are stable and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV-1 reverse transcriptase genotypic and phenotypic indicators of resistance to abacavir (ABC) as predictors of ABC antiviral efficacy. DESIGN The study was a retrospective, combined analysis of five multicentre trials in which ABC was added as a single agent to background antiretroviral therapy in experienced adults. METHODS(More)