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BACKGROUND Hypersensitivity reactions consist of a variable group of clinical findings and have been described for a wide variety of chemical compounds. OBJECTIVE This review characterizes the clinical profile of hypersensitivity to the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor abacavir sulfate. METHODS We performed a retrospective medical review of(More)
Infection with Trypanosoma cruzi develops in three phases: acute, indeterminate or asymptomatic, and chronic phase (with cardiac or digestive manifestations). Moreover, transmission may occur from infected mothers to newborn, the so-called congenital form. In the present study, humoral responses against T. cruzi total extract and against the 13 amino acid(More)
Abacavir (1592U89) is a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor that has been demonstrated to have selective activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in vitro and favorable safety profiles in mice and monkeys. A phase I study was conducted to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of abacavir following oral administration of single(More)
An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for detecting IgM and IgG antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi in blood bank donors from endemic or nonendemic areas. A crude extract of trypomastigotes from cultures was used as antigen. A total of 494 serum samples from patients with acute, congenital, or chronic form of Chagas' disease, and from(More)
Formycin B 5'-monophosphate (Form B-MP) and allopurinol riboside 5'-monophosphate ( HPPR -MP) are isomers of IMP that are metabolically produced when Leishmania spp. are incubated with the antileishmanial agents formycin B and allopurinol or allopurinol riboside. The interactions of Form B-MP with succino -AMP synthetase and GMP reductase from both(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV-1 reverse transcriptase genotypic and phenotypic indicators of resistance to abacavir (ABC) as predictors of ABC antiviral efficacy. DESIGN The study was a retrospective, combined analysis of five multicentre trials in which ABC was added as a single agent to background antiretroviral therapy in experienced adults. METHODS(More)
Culture forms of Trypanosoma cruzi are incapable of synthesizing purines de novo from formate, glycine, or serine and require an exogenous purine for growth. Adenine, hypoxanthine, guanine, xanthine and their respective ribonucleosides are equal in their abilities to support growth. Radiolabeled purine bases, with the exception of guanine, are stable and(More)
Atovaquone was compared to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) for the relationship of time receiving therapy, plasma drug concentrations, and incidence of adverse reactions in patients with AIDS-associated Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Treatment-limiting adverse events occurred in 9% of atovaquone-treated patients and 24% of TMP-SMZ-treated patients.(More)
Certain purine analogs, the pyrazolopyrimidines, are effective chemotherapeutic agents against Leishmania spp. and Trypanosoma cruzi both in vitro and in some clinical models. Heretofore they have not been effective against the African trypanosomes; this suggested that these organisms were not comparable to the other pathogens with respect to their purine(More)