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Infection with Trypanosoma cruzi develops in three phases: acute, indeterminate or asymptomatic, and chronic phase (with cardiac or digestive manifestations). Moreover, transmission may occur from infected mothers to newborn, the so-called congenital form. In the present study, humoral responses against T. cruzi total extract and against the 13 amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND Hypersensitivity reactions consist of a variable group of clinical findings and have been described for a wide variety of chemical compounds. OBJECTIVE This review characterizes the clinical profile of hypersensitivity to the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor abacavir sulfate. METHODS We performed a retrospective medical review of(More)
Formycin B 5'-monophosphate (Form B-MP) and allopurinol riboside 5'-monophosphate ( HPPR -MP) are isomers of IMP that are metabolically produced when Leishmania spp. are incubated with the antileishmanial agents formycin B and allopurinol or allopurinol riboside. The interactions of Form B-MP with succino -AMP synthetase and GMP reductase from both(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV-1 reverse transcriptase genotypic and phenotypic indicators of resistance to abacavir (ABC) as predictors of ABC antiviral efficacy. DESIGN The study was a retrospective, combined analysis of five multicentre trials in which ABC was added as a single agent to background antiretroviral therapy in experienced adults. METHODS(More)
Abacavir (1592U89) is a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor that has been demonstrated to have selective activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in vitro and favorable safety profiles in mice and monkeys. A phase I study was conducted to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of abacavir following oral administration of single(More)
A workshop organized by the Ibero-American Project of Biotechnology evaluated the diagnostic potential of several cloned Trypanosoma cruzi recombinant antigens for Chagas' disease serodiagnosis. A set of recombinants, Antigen 2, Antigen 13, SAPA, H49, A13, JL5, JL7, JL8, JL9, and RA1 provided by three different South American laboratories were probed with a(More)
An enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for detecting IgM and IgG antibodies against Trypanosoma cruzi in blood bank donors from endemic or nonendemic areas. A crude extract of trypomastigotes from cultures was used as antigen. A total of 494 serum samples from patients with acute, congenital, or chronic form of Chagas' disease, and from(More)
Leishmania donovani, grown in culture, salvaged radiolabeled purine bases which were distributed into adenine and guanine ribonucleotides and into the RNA of these cells. De novo synthesis of purines in L. donovani does not occur [J. J. Marr, R. L. Berens and D. J. Nelson, Biochim. biophys. Acta 544, 360 (1978)]. [8-14C]Adenine was rapidly deaminated to(More)
Atovaquone was compared to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) for the relationship of time receiving therapy, plasma drug concentrations, and incidence of adverse reactions in patients with AIDS-associated Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Treatment-limiting adverse events occurred in 9% of atovaquone-treated patients and 24% of TMP-SMZ-treated patients.(More)