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—This paper presents a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) differential voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) implemented with the push-push principle. The push-push VCO uses two frequency doublers stacked in series with an LC quadrature voltage-controlled oscillator (QVCO) to share the dc current with the QVCO for low power consumption. The(More)
—This paper presents a new quadrature voltage-controlled oscillator (QVCO), which consists of two p-core Colpitts cross-coupled voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs) with an LC ring resonator to provide the quadrature outputs. The proposed CMOS QVCO has been implemented with the TSMC 0.18 µm CMOS technology and the die area is 0.478×0.82 mm 2. At the supply(More)
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