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Pasteurella (Mannheimia) haemolytica leukotoxin (Lkt) causes cell type- and species-specific effects in ruminant leukocytes. Recent studies indicate that P. haemolytica Lkt binds to bovine CD18, the common subunit of all beta2 integrins. We designed experiments with the following objectives: to identify which member of the beta2 integrins is a receptor for(More)
In bovine alveolar macrophages (BAMs), exposure to leukotoxin (Lkt) and endotoxin (LPS) from Pasteurella haemolytica results in expression of inflammatory cytokine genes and intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) elevation. Leukotoxin from P. haemolytica interacts only with leukocytes and platelets from ruminant species. Upregulation of cytokine genes in different(More)
Leukotoxin and endotoxin derived from Pasteurella haemolytica serotype 1 are the primary virulence factors contributing to the pathogenesis of lung injury in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis. Activation of bovine alveolar macrophages with endotoxin or leukotoxin results in the induction of cytokine gene expression, with different kinetics (H. S. Yoo, S. K.(More)
Elucidation of mechanisms regulating cell cycle progression is of fundamental importance for cell and cancer biology. Although several genes and signaling pathways are implicated in G1-S regulation, less is known regarding the mechanisms controlling cell cycle progression through G2 and M phases. We report that extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5(More)
Inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3beta) is one of the mechanisms by which phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activation protects neurons from apoptosis. Here, we report that inhibition of ERK1/2 increased the basal activity of GSK3beta in cortical neurons and that both ERK1/2 and PI3K were required for brain-derived neurotrophic factor(More)
Three short fragments of recombinant subunit Pasteurella multocida toxin (rsPMT) were constructed for evaluation as candidate vaccines against progressive atrophic rhinitis (PAR) of swine. PMT-specific antibody secreting cells and evidence of cellular immunity were detected in rsPMT-immunized pigs following authentic PMT challenge or homologous antigen(More)
Rotenone is a naturally derived pesticide that has recently been shown to evoke the behavioral and pathological symptoms of Parkinson's disease in animal models. Though rotenone is known to be an inhibitor of the mitochondrial complex I electron transport chain, little is known about downstream pathways leading to its toxicity. We used human dopaminergic(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Isatis indigotica (I. indigotica), Cruciferae, has been used in Chinese medicine for anti-leukemia and anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of Isatis indigotica extracts on human leukemia cell line (HL-60) and the antiviral activity on swine pseudorabies virus (PrV) in in(More)
BACKGROUND When melamine is used as an additive in infant formula, it may cause acute nephrotoxicity in humans as well as in other animals. This study was designed to examine the effects of a melamine-cyanuric acid mixture on cytotoxicity in vitro and rat-acute nephrotoxicity. METHODS In the in vitro study, crystal formations created by the(More)
Classical swine fever (CSF) is an economically important swine disease worldwide. The glycoprotein E2 of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a viral antigen that can induce a protective immune response against CSF. A recombinant E2 protein was constructed using the yeast Pichia pastoris expression system and evaluated for its vaccine efficacy. The(More)