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In numerous systems, giant physical responses have been discovered when two phases coexist; for example, near a phase transition. An intermetallic FeRh system undergoes a first-order antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic transition above room temperature and shows two-phase coexistence near the transition. Here we have investigated the effect of an electric(More)
The complex interplay of spin, charge, orbital and lattice degrees of freedom provides a plethora of exotic phases and physical phenomena. In recent years, complex spin topologies have emerged as a consequence of the electronic band structure and the interplay between spin and spin-orbit coupling in materials. Here we produce complex topologies of(More)
Life cycle assessment has become an important tool for determining the environmental impact of materials and products. It is also useful in analyzing the impact a structure has over the course of its life cycle. The International Organization of Standardization's 14040 series specifies how to perform a formal life cycle assessment in which the materials,(More)
Life cycle assessment, or LCA, is a powerful method for measuring and reducing a building's environmental impacts. Its widespread adoption among designers would allow the environmental component of sustainability to gain more traction in design philosophy and client goals. Currently, the stakeholders in building design—both design professionals and(More)
—Degradation of lateral diffused MOS transistors in various hot-carrier stress modes is investigated. A novel three-region charge-pumping technique is proposed to characterize interface trap (N it) and bulk oxide charge Q ox creation in the channel and in the drift regions separately. The growth rates of N it and Q ox are extracted from the proposed method.(More)
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