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Human fecal samples were used as a source of Bifidobacterium strains which are resistant to both acid and bile. The procedure used for screening was as follows: enrichment of Bifidobacterium strains with Bifidobacterium-selective transgalacto-oligosaccharide-propionate (TP) medium followed by acid (pH 2.0) and bile salt stressing (1.5% bile salt (w/v)). Two(More)
In order to investigate neural mechanisms by which the prefrontal cortex adaptively modifies its activities based on past experience, we examined whether or not sensory cortical projections to the medial prefrontal cortex support long-term potentiation (LTP) in rats. Monosynaptic projections from the secondary visual cortex, mediomedial area (V2MM) to the(More)
In this paper, we will discuss a novel technology, which we have recently developed for automatic target detection and recognition by polarimetric imaging systems. This technology consists of an approach to non-cooperative small target detection that uses statistical techniques to exploit a target's Stokes vector infrared signature. This is applicable to(More)
Automatic detection and recognition of targets by means of passive IR sensors suffer from limitations due to lack of sufficient contrast between the targets and their background, and among the facets of a target. In this paper the results of a suite of polarization-sensitive automatic target detection and recognition algorithms on sets of simulated and real(More)
Solar (UVA + UVB) exposure was assessed using the Gafchromic EBT3 film. The coloration change was represented by the net reflective optical density (Net ROD). Through calibrations against a UV-tube lamp, operational relationships were obtained between Net ROD and the (UVA + UVB) exposures (in J cm(-2) or J m(-2)). The useful range was from ∼0.2 to ∼30 J(More)
AIM Effect of treadmill exercise on hippocampal cell proliferation under normal conditions has been well documented; however, this effect under alcohol intoxication conditions is not clarified, yet. In the present study, the effect of treadmill exercise on cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus in alcohol-intoxicated rats was investigated. METHODS (More)
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