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BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that prophylactic cardiac-resynchronization therapy in the form of biventricular stimulation with a pacemaker with or without a defibrillator would reduce the risk of death and hospitalization among patients with advanced chronic heart failure and intraventricular conduction delays. METHODS A total of 1520 patients who(More)
BACKGROUND Results of previous studies support the hypothesis that implantable haemodynamic monitoring systems might reduce rates of hospitalisation in patients with heart failure. We undertook a single-blind trial to assess this approach. METHODS Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure, irrespective of the left ventricular(More)
| T he use of data to evaluate models is fundamental to science. Ideally, evaluations can be controlled and optimized in the laboratory; in most cases, however, atmospheric scientists have to perform model–data intercomparisons by taking advantage of the uncontrolled opportunities that nature provides. A model-evaluation project is complicated in at least(More)
Eleven different single-column models (SCMs) and one cloud ensemble model (CEM) are driven by boundary conditions observed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program southern Great Plains site for a 17 day period during the summer of 1995. Comparison of the model simulations reveals common signatures identifiable as products of errors in the(More)
A program for determining the low resolution shape of biological macromolecules, based on the optimization of a small angle neutron scattering profile to experimental data, is presented. This program, termed LORES, relies on a Monte Carlo optimization procedure and will allow for multiple scattering length densities of complex structures. It is therefore(More)
The NIST Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory works with industry, standards bodies, universities, and other government laboratories to improve the nation's measurements and standards infrastructure for materials. An increasingly important component of this effort is carried out at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR), at present the most(More)
The purpose of the GEWEX Cloud System Study (GCSS; GEWEX is the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment) is to develop better parameterizations of cloud systems within climate and numerical weather prediction models, with an emphasis on the climate applications. The strategy of GCSS is to use two distinct kinds of models to analyze and understand(More)
A diaminobenzidine (DAB) stain for myelin in glutaraldehyde fixed, osmicated, semithin epoxy sections is described. One or 1.5 microm sections, dried onto slides, are first etched with a 1:2 dilution of saturated sodium ethoxide:absolute ethanol, then incubated in 0.05% aqueous DAB with 0.01% hydrogen peroxide. DAB specifically stains osmium fixed(More)
This study evaluated the effects of a combined gestational and 10 day postnatal alcohol exposure (human three trimester equivalency) on the development of glial cells in the rat optic nerve. Pregnant rats were exposed to alcohol via a liquid diet, then their pups were artificially reared and further exposed to alcohol for 10 postnatal days via a gastrostomy(More)
Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements were performed on a solution of single-strand DNA, 5'-ATGCTGATGC-3', in sodium phosphate buffer solution at 10 degrees C temperature increments from 25 degrees C to 80 degrees C. Cylindrical, helical, and random coil shape models were fitted to the SANS measurements at each temperature. All the shapes(More)