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The facial position and balance of eyes, nose, and mouth in typical Japanese individuals were investigated, based on the golden proportion for each of these relationships. We found that Japanese tend to have a longer upper lip and shorter chin length compared with Caucasians. We believe that this tendency represents a general facial characteristic of the(More)
In sagittal ramus split osteotomy of the mandible, rigid internal fixation of the fragments with screws has become one of the main fixation techniques. This screw-fixation has the advantages to reduce the period of intermaxillary fixation which is unpleasant for patients. On the other hand, it is necessary that the condyles are exactly positioned to the(More)
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