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BACKGROUND The efficacy of lansoprazole (LPZ) at inhibiting gastric acid secretion is influenced by cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether CYP2C19 polymorphism had an influence on the remission of erosive reflux esophagitis (RE) during maintenance therapy with LPZ. METHODS Eighty-two(More)
This paper describes two humanoid robots developed in the Humanoid Robotics Institute, Waseda University. Hadaly-2 is intended to realize information interaction with humans by integrating environmental recognition with vision, conversation capability (voice recognition, voice synthesis), and gesture behaviors. It also possesses physical interaction(More)
To elucidate the role of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) and enterocytes in the defense mechanism of the small intestine, we designed experiments to stimulate the IEL by anti-CD3ε, anti-TCRαβ, or anti-TCRγδ monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), and to examine the subsequent changes to the enterocytes. The enterocytes of the duodenum and jejunum, but not of the(More)
Objectives. Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) is widely used to treat malignant colonic obstruction. However, most reports about SEMS insertion have concentrated on the left colon. This study aimed to (1) investigate the effectiveness of SEMS insertion compared with conventional decompression tube for right-sided colonic obstruction and (2) compare the(More)
BACKGROUND The acid suppressive effects of omeprazole (OPZ) and lansoprazole (LPZ) are influenced by the CYP2C19 polymorphism. On the other hand, some investigators have reported that acid suppressive effect of rabeprazole (RPZ) was not significantly affected by CYP2C19. The present study was designed to investigate whether the CYP2C19 genotype is related(More)
Since colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) requires higher-level skills than endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), it is recommended to acquire sufficient experience in gastric ESD prior to attempting colorectal ESD. We evaluated the ability of experienced endoscopists with limited experience in gastric ESD to perform colorectal ESD. We(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The feasibility of endoscopic resection for synchronous early colon cancer after placement of self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) for malignant colorectal obstruction is unknown. Herein we evaluated 3 cases of endoscopic resection for synchronous early colorectal cancers after SEMS placement. Patient 1 was an 82-year-old man(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is recommended to be carried out only by endoscopists with sufficient experience in gastric ESD. However, early gastric carcinoma is less common in Western countries than in Japan, and endoscopic maneuverability differs between the stomach and colorectum. We assessed the feasibility of(More)