The cellular mechanisms that contribute to the acceleration of atherosclerosis in aging populations are poorly understood, although it is hypothesized that changes in the proliferative capacity of vascular smooth muscle cells is contributory. We addressed the relationship among aging, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and proliferation in primary… (More)
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system. The views expressed are those of certain participants in the discussion and do not necessarily reflect the views of all participants or of the World Economic Forum.
We use text analytic methods on the universe of 10-K filings on the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) Edgar website to construct measures of the extent to which publicly traded U.S. firms are exposed to three types of offshore activities: the sale of output, the purchase of input, and the ownership of assets that produce input. We then examine if… (More)
We examine the impact of outsourcing supply contracts on firm risk and firm capital structure. We find that firm outsourcing is associated with less risky firm cash flows. Despite these less risky cash flows, our results show that outsourcing firms use less financial leverage – in particular during the recent financial crisis. We show that the effect of… (More)
We examine the impact of outside purchase contracts on firm risk and firm capital structure. We find that firms with more outside purchase contracts have less risky cash flows. Despite these less risky cash flows, firms with these contracts also have less financial leverage especially when they operate in high value-added industries. Examining firm… (More)