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BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Conventional colonoscopy can result in unnecessary biopsy or endoscopic resection due to its inability to distinguish adenomas from hyperplastic polyps. This study therefore evaluated the efficacy of high-resolution endoscopy (HRE), autofluorescence imaging (AFI), and narrow-band imaging (NBI) in discriminating colon adenoma from(More)
BACKGROUNDS The efficacy of clipping for preventing the delayed bleeding after the removal of colon polyps is still controversial. In order to clarify this efficacy, a randomized controlled study was performed. METHODS One hundred and fifty-six patients with colon neoplasms (288 lesions) were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly divided into(More)
Although probiotics are known to have antitumor activity, few bacteria-derived antitumor molecules have been identified. The present study explored an antitumor molecule derived from Lactobacillus brevis SBL8803 (L. brevis 8803) and the mechanisms that underlie its effects. Cell viability and apoptosis were assessed by a sulforhodamine B assay and terminal(More)
AIM To compare previously reported randomized controlled studies (RCTs) of cold and hot polypectomy, we systematically reviewed and clarify the utility of cold polypectomy over hot with respect to efficacy and adverse events. METHODS A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the predominance of cold and hot polypectomy for removing colon polyps. Published(More)
Metachronous gastric cancer (MGC) after endoscopic resection (ER) of gastric cancer still occurs to some degree even after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) treatment. We evaluated whether two biomarkers related to carcinogenesis expressed in intestinal metaplasia (IM) become predictors for MGC development after eradication. We performed a hospital-based,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS While biological drugs are useful for relieving the disease activity and preventing abdominal surgery in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), it is unclear whether the use of biological drugs in CD patients with no history of abdominal surgery is appropriate. We evaluated the effects of infliximab and other factors on extending the duration(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease frequently causes intestinal obstruction because of extensive fibrosis. This study investigated whether polyphosphate (poly P), an active molecule derived from Lactobacillus brevis, could improve the fibrosis in a model of chronic colitis. In this study, dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced chronic colitis models and(More)
BACKGROUND No method for sufficiently making the differential diagnosis of intestinal lymphoma resembling lymphoid hyperplasia (LH) on endoscopy has yet been established. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of narrow-band imaging (NBI) in diagnosing intestinal lymphoma. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Single-center study.(More)
BACKGROUND Some patients under close colonoscopic surveillance still develop colorectal cancer, thus suggesting the overlook of colorectal adenoma by endoscopists. AFI detects colorectal adenoma as a clear magenta, therefore the efficacy of AFI is expected to improve the detection ability of colorectal adenoma. The aim of this study is to determine the(More)
Probiotics exhibit beneficial functions for host homeostasis maintenance. We herein investigated the mechanism by which Lactobacillus brevis-derived poly P exhibited a beneficial function. Immunostaining indicated that poly P was captured in the plasma membrane via integrin β1 in Caco2/bbe cells. The uptake of poly P was reduced by the inhibition of(More)